Standard Active Last Updated: May 04, 2023 Track Document
ASTM D7428-15(2023)

Standard Test Method for Resistance of Fine Aggregate to Degradation by Abrasion in the Micro-Deval Apparatus

Standard Test Method for Resistance of Fine Aggregate to Degradation by Abrasion in the Micro-Deval Apparatus D7428-15R23 ASTM|D7428-15R23|en-US Standard Test Method for Resistance of Fine Aggregate to Degradation by Abrasion in the Micro-Deval Apparatus Standard new BOS Vol. 04.03 Committee D04
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Significance and Use

5.1 The Micro-Deval abrasion test is a test of fine aggregate to determine abrasion loss in the presence of water and an abrasive charge. Many aggregates are more susceptible to abrasion when wet than dry, and the use of water in this test incorporates this reduction in resistance to degradation. The test results are helpful in evaluating the toughness/abrasion resistance of fine aggregate subject to abrasion when adequate information is not available from service records. This test is suitable for measuring the amount of weak, soft material such as shale or shaley carbonate in fine aggregate. Materials that give a low loss in this test are unlikely to exhibit significant degradation during handling, mixing, or placing. There is a relationship between drying shrinkage of cement mortar and Micro-Deval abrasion loss of fine aggregate, with higher loss materials resulting in higher drying shrinkage. Descriptions of the development of the test and the relationship with other properties have been published.3,4,5

5.2 The Micro-Deval abrasion test on fine aggregate is useful for detecting changes in properties of aggregate produced from an aggregate source as part of a quality control or quality assurance process.

5.3 The Micro-Deval abrasion test on fine aggregate, in contrast to the version on coarse aggregate, has a significant correlation with the magnesium sulfate soundness loss of fine aggregate. The Micro-Deval test on fine aggregate has better precision than the sulfate soundness test, is quicker, and may be used in place of that test. Advice on specific values for selection of aggregate will be found in the appendix.


1.1 This test method covers a procedure for testing fine aggregate for resistance to abrasion using the Micro-Deval apparatus.

1.2 The text of this method references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the test method.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 04.03
Developed by Subcommittee: D04.51
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.1520/D7428-15R23
ICS Code: 91.100.30