Standard Active Last Updated: Aug 27, 2021 Track Document
ASTM D7372-21

Standard Guide for Analysis and Interpretation of Proficiency Test Program Results

Standard Guide for Analysis and Interpretation of Proficiency Test Program Results D7372-21 ASTM|D7372-21|en-US Standard Guide for Analysis and Interpretation of Proficiency Test Program Results Standard new BOS Vol. 05.03 Committee D02
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Significance and Use

5.1 This guide can be used to evaluate the performance of a laboratory or group of laboratories participating in a proficiency test (PT) program involving petroleum and petroleum products.

5.2 Data accrued, using the techniques included in this guide, provide the ability to monitor analytical measurement system precision and bias. These data are useful for updating standard test methods, as well as for indicating areas of potential measurement system improvement for action by the laboratory. This guide serves both the individual participating laboratory and the responsible standards development group as follows:

5.2.1 Tools and Approaches for Participating Laboratories.

Administrative Reviews

Flagged Data and Investigations

Data Normality Checks

QQ Plots


Bias (Deviation from Mean)


Z-Scores, Z-Scores Trends

Precision Performance—TPIIND, F-test

Comparison of PTP and Individual Laboratory Site Precision

5.2.2 Tools and Approaches for Responsible Standards Development Groups.

TPI and precision trends

Bias and precision comparisons via box & whisker plots

Normality evaluations

Relative standard deviations

Uncontrolled variables

5.3 Reference is made in this guide to the ASTM International Proficiency Test Program on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants, version PTP 2.0 implemented in 2016–2017. Program reports containing similarly displayed results and statistical treatments may be available in other PT programs. Appendix X2 summarizes the statistical tools referenced in this guide and Appendix X3 is a collection of examples covering QQ plots, histograms, and Run-Sum described in this guide.


1.1 This guide covers the evaluation and interpretation of proficiency test program (PTP) results. For proficiency test program participants, this guide describes procedures for assessing participants’ results relative to the collective PT program results and potentially improving the laboratory’s testing performance based on the assessment of findings and insights. For the committees responsible for the test methods included in PT programs, this guide describes procedures for assessing industry’s ability to perform test methods and for potentially identifying opportunities for improvements.

1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 05.03
Developed by Subcommittee: D02.94
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.1520/D7372-21
ICS Code: 11.100.01