Significance and Use
5.1 Sandwich honeycomb core materials are used extensively in energy absorption applications, due to their ability to sustain compressive loading while being crushed. Proper design of energy absorption devices utilizing sandwich honeycomb core materials requires knowledge of the compressive crush stress and crush stroke properties of the honeycomb core material.
5.2 The procedures contained within this test method are intended to assess the crush stress and crush stroke properties of the sandwich honeycomb core material under static compressive loading. The dynamic crush stress of the honeycomb core material may vary from that measured under static loading, depending upon factors such as honeycomb core material thickness, core material density, impact velocity, etc.
5.3 This test method provides a standard method of obtaining the compressive crush stress and crush stroke for sandwich honeycomb core material structural design properties, material specifications, research and development applications, and quality assurance.
5.4 This test method is not intended for use in crush testing of stabilized honeycomb core materials (for which the facing plane surfaces of the honeycomb core material are dipped in resin to resist local crushing) or sandwich specimens (for which face sheets are bonded to the honeycomb core material).
5.5 Factors that influence the compressive crush stress and crush stroke and shall therefore be reported include the following: honeycomb core material, methods of material fabrication, core material geometry (nominal cell size), core material density, specimen geometry, specimen preparation, specimen conditioning, environment of testing, specimen alignment, pre-crush procedure, pre-crush depth, loading procedure, and speed of testing.
1.1 This test method determines the static energy absorption properties (compressive crush stress and crush stroke) of honeycomb sandwich core materials. These properties are usually determined for design purposes in a direction normal to the plane of the face sheets (also referred to as the facing plane) as the honeycomb core material would be placed in a structural sandwich construction.
1.2 Permissible core materials are limited to those in honeycomb form.
1.3 This test method is not intended for use in crush testing of stabilized honeycomb core materials (for which the facing plane surfaces of the honeycomb core material are dipped in resin to resist local crushing) or sandwich specimens (for which facings are bonded to the honeycomb core material).
1.4 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
1.4.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.