Standard Active Last Updated: Jun 24, 2024 Track Document
ASTM D7121-05(2024)

Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum

Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum D7121-05R24 ASTM|D7121-05R24|en-US Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum Standard new BOS Vol. 09.01 Committee D11
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Significance and Use

4.1 The Schob Type rebound pendulum is designed to measure the percentage resilience of a rubber compound as an indication of hysteretic energy loss that can also be defined by the relationship between storage modulus and loss modulus. The percent rebound measured is inversely proportional to the hysteretic loss.

4.1.1 Percentage resilience or rebound resilience are commonly used in quality control testing of polymers and compounding chemicals.

4.1.2 Rebound resilience is determined by a freely falling pendulum hammer that is dropped from a given height that impacts a test specimen and imparts to it a certain amount of energy. A portion of that energy is returned by the specimen to the pendulum and may be measured by the extent to which the pendulum rebounds, whereby the restoring force is determined by gravity. Since the energy of the pendulum is proportional to the vertical component of the displacement of the pendulum, it may be expressed as 1 – cos (of the angle of displacement) and percentage rebound resilience. RB, commonly called percentage rebound, is determined from the equation:

Equation D7121-05R24_1 The rebound resilience may be calculated as:

Equation D7121-05R24_2


h   =   apex height of the rebound, and
H   =   initial height. The rebound resilience may also be determined by the measurement of the angle of rebound α. From the rebound angle α, the rebound resilience in percent is obtained according to the following formula:

Equation D7121-05R24_3


1.1 This test method covers a means of determining the resilience of rubber, within a range of impact strain and strain rate, by means of the impacting and measuring apparatus conforming to the requirements described in this test method.

1.2 This test method is applicable to thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers, the hardness of which, at the specified test temperatures, lies between 30 and 85 IRHD (see Test Method D1415) or A/30 and A/85 (see Test Method D2240). It may also be applicable to some polyester, polyether foam, and plastic foam materials.

1.3 All materials, instruments, or equipment used for the determination of mass, force, or dimension shall have traceability to the National Institute for Standards and Technology, or other internationally recognized organization parallel in nature.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 09.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D11.10
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D7121-05R24
ICS Code: 83.060