Standard Historical Last Updated: Jan 04, 2012
ASTM D6831-05a

Standard Test Method for Sampling and Determining Particulate Matter in Stack Gases Using an In-Stack, Inertial Microbalance

Significance and Use

The measurement of particulate matter is widely performed to characterize emissions from stationary sources in terms of total emission rates to the atmosphere for regulatory purposes.

This test method is particularly well suited for use in performance assessment and optimization of particulate matter control systems, continuous particulate matter emissions monitoring systems and the measurement of low concentration particulate matter laden gas streams in the range of 0.2 mg/m3 to 50 mg/m3.


1.1 This test method describes the procedures for determining the mass concentration of particulate matter in gaseous streams using an automated, in-stack test method. This method, an in-situ, inertial microbalance, is based on inertial mass measurement using a hollow tube oscillator. This method is describes the design of the apparatus, operating procedure, and the quality control procedures required to obtain the levels of precision and accuracy stated.

1.2 This method is suitable for collecting and measuring filterable particulate matter concentrations in the ranges 0.2 mg/m3 and above taken in effluent ducts and stacks.

1.3 This test method may be used for calibration of automated monitoring systems (AMS). If the emission gas contains unstable, reactive, or semi-volatile substances, the measurement will depend on the filtration temperature, and this method (and other in-stack methods) may be more applicable than out-stack methods for the calibration of automated monitoring systems.

1.4 This test method can be employed in sources having gas temperature up to 200C and having gas velocities from 3 to 27 m/s.

1.5 This test method includes a description of equipment and methods to be used for obtaining and analyzing samples and a description of the procedure used for calculating the results.

1.6 Stack temperatures limitation for this test method is approximately 200C (392F).

1.7 This test method may be also be limited from use in sampling gas streams that contain fluoride, or other reactive species having the potential to react with or within the sample train.

1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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Book of Standards Volume: 11.07
Developed by Subcommittee: D22.03
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.1520/D6831-05A
ICS Code: 07.100.01