1.1 Purpose—This guide is intended to provide general guidance on a watershed monitoring program directed toward the plant nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus. The guide offers a series of general steps without setting forth a specific course of action. It gives assistance for developing a monitoring program but not a program for implementing measures to improve water quality.
1.2 This guide applies to waters found in streams and rivers; lakes, ponds, and reservoirs; estuaries; wetlands; the atmosphere; and the vadose and subsurface saturated zones (including aquifers). This guide does not apply to nutrients found in soils, plants, or animals.
1.3 Nutrients as used in this guide are intended to include nitrogen and phosphorus in dissolved, gaseous, and particulate forms. Specific species of nitrogen include: nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, organic, total Kjeldahl, and nitrous oxide. The species of phosphorus include total, total dissolved, organic, acid-hydrolyzable, and reactive phosphorus as described in (2)
1.4 Safety—Health and safety practices developed for a project may need to consider the following:
1.4.1 During the construction of sampling stations:
184.108.40.206 Drilling practices during monitoring well installations,
220.127.116.11 Overhead and underground utilities during monitoring well drilling,
18.104.22.168 Traffic patterns/concerns during sampling station installation,
22.214.171.124 Traffic patterns/concerns during surveying sampling station locations and elevations,
126.96.36.199 Drilling through materials highly contaminated with fertilizers, and
188.8.131.52 Installing monitoring equipment below the soil surface.
1.4.2 During the collection of water samples:
184.108.40.206 Using acids for sample preservation,
220.127.116.11 Sampling during flooding events and ice conditions,
18.104.22.168 Traffic on bridges,
22.214.171.124 Condition of sampling stations following flood events,
126.96.36.199 Sampling of water or soils, or both, highly contaminated with fertilizers,
188.8.131.52 Conditions of sampling stations resulting from vandalism,
184.108.40.206 Adverse weather conditions, and
220.127.116.11 Transporting liquid samples.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.