Standard Active Last Updated: Apr 22, 2022 Track Document
ASTM D6011-96(2022)

Standard Test Method for Determining the Performance of a Sonic Anemometer/Thermometer

Standard Test Method for Determining the Performance of a Sonic Anemometer/Thermometer D6011-96R22 ASTM|D6011-96R22|en-US Standard Test Method for Determining the Performance of a Sonic Anemometer/Thermometer Standard new BOS Vol. 11.07 Committee D22
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Significance and Use

5.1 This test method provides a standard method for evaluating the performance of sonic anemometer/thermometers that use inverse time solutions to measure wind velocity components and the speed of sound. It provides an unambiguous determination of instrument performance criteria. The test method is applicable to manufacturers for the purpose of describing the performance of their products, to instrumentation test facilities for the purpose of verifying instrument performance, and to users for specifying performance requirements. The acoustic pathlength procedure is also applicable for calibration purposes prior to data collection. Procedures for operating a sonic anemometer/thermometer are described in Practices D5527.

5.2 The sonic anemometer/thermometer array is assumed to have a sufficiently high structural rigidity and a sufficiently low coefficient of thermal expansion to maintain an internal alignment to within the manufacturer's specifications over its designed operating range. Consult with the manufacturer for an internal alignment verification procedure and verify the alignment before proceeding with this test method.

5.3 This test method is designed to characterize the performance of an array model or probe design. Transducer shadow data obtained from a single array is applicable for all instruments having the same array model or probe design. Some non-orthogonal arrays may not require specification of transducer shadow corrections or the velocity calibration range.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of the dynamic performance of a sonic anemometer/thermometer which employs the inverse time measurement technique for velocity or speed of sound, or both. Performance criteria include: (a) acceptance angle, (b) acoustic pathlength, (c) system delay, (d) system delay mismatch, (e) thermal stability range, (f) shadow correction, (g) velocity calibration range, and (h) velocity resolution.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 11.07
Developed by Subcommittee: D22.11
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/D6011-96R22
ICS Code: 17.200.10