Standard Historical Last Updated: Aug 16, 2017
ASTM D5523-94(1999)e1

Standard Test Method for Polyurethane Raw Materials Acidity by Argentometric Determination of Hydrolyzable Chlorine in Monomeric, Aromatic Isocyanates


1.1 This test method measures the hydrolyzable chlorine content of monomeric, aromatic isocyanates used as polyurethane raw materials and expresses it as HCl acidity. The test method is applicable to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and monomeric methylene-bis-(4-phenylisocyanate), known as MDI. The main sources of hydrolyzable chlorine and, therefore, acidity in monomeric aromatic isocyanates are carbamyl chlorides, acid chlorides, and dissolved phosgene. All of these compounds react with alcohols and water to form hydrochloric acid.

1.2 This test method applies only to monomeric isocyanates in which all of the acidity is derived from species that generate HCl on solvolysis.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning and precautionary statements are given in Note 4.

Note 1-There is no equivalent ISO standard.
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Book of Standards Volume: 08.03
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.22
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/D5523-94R99E01
ICS Code: 83.080.20