Standard Active Last Updated: Jan 26, 2018
ASTM D5422-17

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Properties of Thermoplastic Materials by Screw-Extrusion Capillary Rheometer

Significance and Use

5.1 This test method is useful for the characterization of thermoplastics and thermoplastic compounds, in terms of viscosity, or resistance to flow.

5.2 The data produced by this test method has been found useful in both quality-control testing and compound development. However, direct correlation with factory conditions is not implied.

5.3 Flow-performance data permits quality control of incoming thermoplastics and thermoplastic compounds because the flow parameters are sensitive to molecular weight and molecular-weight distribution. Therefore, this test method may distinguish differences between lots.

5.4 The shear viscosity or flow viscosity of thermoplastics and thermoplastic compounds will not only be sensitive to the raw-polymer molecular properties, but will also be affected by the type and amount of filler, additive, plasticizer, or stabilizer, by the type of copolymer blend, and by the addition of other compounding materials. This test method can serve as a quality-control tool for either incoming materials or for in-house quality-assurance checks on production mixing. This test method is useful to the research and development of new products in that the rheological behavior of a yet uncharacterized thermoplastic or thermoplastic compound can be measured and considered for comparative analysis.

Scope

1.1 This test method covers the use of a screw-extrusion-type capillary rheometer for the measurement of flow properties of thermoplastics and thermoplastic compounds. The measured flow properties, which are obtained through laboratory investigation, may help to describe the material behavior that occurs in factory processing.

1.2 Since a screw-type capillary rheometer imparts shear energy to the material during testing, the measurements will usually differ from those obtained with a piston-type capillary rheometer (see Test Method D3835).

1.3 Capillary rheometer measurements for thermoplastics and thermoplastic compounds are described in Test Method D3835.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard. The scope of this standard is mentioned in ISO 11443:2014, Plastics—Determination of the fluidity of plastics using capillary and slit-die rheometers,” Annex C, “Uncertainties in the determination of shear viscosity by capillary extrusion.”

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Details
Book of Standards Volume: 08.03
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.30
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/D5422-17
ICS Code: 83.080.20