Standard Historical Last Updated: Jul 10, 2020 Track Document
ASTM D5303-19

Standard Test Method for Trace Carbonyl Sulfide in Propylene by Gas Chromatography

Standard Test Method for Trace Carbonyl Sulfide in Propylene by Gas Chromatography D5303-19 ASTM|D5303-19|en-US Standard Test Method for Trace Carbonyl Sulfide in Propylene by Gas Chromatography Standard new BOS Vol. 05.02 Committee D02
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Significance and Use

4.1 In processes producing propylene, COS usually remains with the C3 hydrocarbons and must be removed, since it affects product quality. COS acts as a poison to commercial polymerization catalysts, resulting in deactivation and costly process downtime.

4.2 Accurate gas chromatographic determination of trace COS in propylene involves unique analytical problems because of the chemical nature of COS and idiosyncracies of trace level analyses. These problems result from the reactive and absorptive nature of COS, the low concentration levels being measured, the type of detector needed, and the interferences from the propylene sample matrix. This test method addresses these analytical problems and ways to properly handle them to assure accurate and precise analyses.

4.3 This test method provides a basis for agreement between two laboratories when the determination of trace COS in propylene is important. The test method permits several calibration techniques. For best agreement between two labs, it is recommended that they use the same calibration technique.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of traces of carbonyl sulfide (COS) in propylene. It is applicable to COS concentrations from 0.5 mg/kg to 4.0 mg/kg (parts per million by mass). See Note 1.

Note 1: The lower limit of this test method is believed to be below 0.1 mg/kg, depending on sample size and sensitivity of the instrumentation being used. However, the cooperative testing program was conducted in the 0.5 to 4.0 range due to limitations in preparing commercial test mixtures.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 8.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 05.02
Developed by Subcommittee: D02.D0.03
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.1520/D5303-19
ICS Code: 71.080.10