Standard Active Last Updated: Aug 03, 2022 Track Document
ASTM D4884/D4884M-22

Standard Test Method for Strength of Sewn or Bonded Seams of Geotextiles

Standard Test Method for Strength of Sewn or Bonded Seams of Geotextiles D4884_D4884M-22 ASTM|D4884_D4884M-22|en-US Standard Test Method for Strength of Sewn or Bonded Seams of Geotextiles Standard new BOS Vol. 04.13 Committee D35
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Significance and Use

5.1 As explained in Test Method D4595, narrow geotextile specimens demonstrate the tendency to contract (neck down) in the gauge area when under stress. The wider width specimen will minimize this phenomenon in seams during strength testing. The results achieved in this test method can more accurately correlate to the seam strength values anticipated in the field.

5.2 This test method can be used to measure the seam strength of geotextiles from the factory or field, and may also be used for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of geotextiles.

5.3 This test method can be used to help determine seam design engineering for the geotextiles being evaluated, as well as comparing wet-conditioned specimens with dry specimen results.

5.4 This test method is not intended to address long-term performance of a seam, nor any of its components such as the thread or the adhesive. However, it can be used as an index value to monitor the behavior of a seam exposed to any particular exposure, in example as part of an effort to assess its long-term performance.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of the factory and field seam strength of geotextiles, using a wide specimen and wet and dry specimens.

1.2 The long-term performance of a seaming technique is not addressed by this test method. This test method will provide data to indicate the short-term seam strength that can be achieved for each particular geotextile and seam assembly construction. To assess the long-term performance of a seaming technique, it is possible to use Practice D6389, using this test method to determine the anticipated strength reduction in the initial, short-term wide-width tensile strength (Test Method D4595) results.

1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 04.13
Developed by Subcommittee: D35.01
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.1520/D4884_D4884M-22
ICS Code: 59.080.70