Standard Active Last Updated: Apr 14, 2020
ASTM D4663-20

Standard Test Method for Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Hydrolyzable Chlorine of Isocyanates

Significance and Use

5.1 This test method can be used for research or for quality control to characterize toluene diisocyanates. Hydrolyzable chlorine correlates with performance in some polyurethane systems.


1.1 This test method determines the hydrolyzable chlorine content of toluene-2,4-diisocyanate, toluene-2,6-diisocyanate, or mixtures of the two. It is acceptable to apply this test method to other isocyanates of suitable solubility. (See Note 1.) The main sources of hydrolyzable chlorine in the isocyanates are carbamoyl chloride and dissolved phosgene. Both of these compounds react with alcohols and water, forming ureas, carbamates, carbon dioxide, and hydrochloric acid. (See Note 2.)

1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Note 1: It is possible that this test method is applicable to crude polymeric isocyanates. However, the precision with crude polymeric isocyanates has not been established.

Note 2: This standard is identical to ISO 15028.

1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Book of Standards Volume: 08.02
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.22
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/D4663-20
ICS Code: 83.080.10