Standard Active Last Updated: May 09, 2019
ASTM D4443-19

Standard Test Method for Determining Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer Content in PPB Range in Vinyl Chloride Homo- and Co-Polymers by Headspace Gas Chromatography

Significance and Use

5.1 Vinyl chloride-containing polymers are widely used to package a variety of materials, including foods.

5.2 Vinyl chloride monomer has been shown to be a human carcinogen. Threshold toxicity value has not been established.

5.3 Plastic manufacturers, food packagers, government agencies, etc. have a need to know the residual vinyl chloride monomer content of vinyl chloride-containing polymers.


1.1 This test method is suitable for determining the residual vinyl chloride monomer (RVM) content of homopolymer and copolymers of vinyl chloride down to a concentration of 5 µg/kg (ppb).

1.2 This test method is applicable to any polymer form, such as resin, compound, film, bottle wall, etc. that can be dissolved in a suitable solvent.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 9 and Note 10.

Note 1: This standard is equivalent to ISO 6401.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 08.02
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D4443-19
ICS Code: 83.080.20