Standard Active Last Updated: Mar 01, 2023 Track Document
ASTM D3923-23

Standard Practices for Detecting Leaks in Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Devices

Standard Practices for Detecting Leaks in Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Devices D3923-23 ASTM|D3923-23|en-US Standard Practices for Detecting Leaks in Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Devices Standard new BOS Vol. 11.02 Committee D19
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Significance and Use

5.1 These practices may be used to determine whether a RO or NF device is free of leaks if the mechanical integrity of the device is to be confirmed. They may also be used to detect leaks in RO or NF devices whose operating performance indicates a possible leak. These practices may be used for either new or used devices.


1.1 These practices cover detecting leaks in which there is a direct communication between the feed or concentrate, or both, and the permeate. Several types of leaks are possible with the various configurations of reverse-osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) devices.

1.2 Types of Leaks: 

1.2.1 With hollow-fiber devices, feed or concentrate leakage, or both, into the permeate stream by leaks through the tube sheet and past the tube sheet O-ring are possible. “Leaks” caused by broken fibers are not covered by these practices.

1.2.2 With spiral-wound devices, leaks may occur through damage of the membrane surface itself by punctures or scratches, by glue-line failure, and by O-ring leaks on product tube interconnectors.

1.2.3 With tubular devices, leaks due to membrane damage, tube end seal leaks, and leaks from broken tubes or product headers are possible.

1.3 Three leak test practices are given as follows:



Practice A—Tube Sheet and O-Ring Leak Test for Hollow
 Fiber Devices

8 to 9

Practice B—Vacuum Test for Spiral Wound Devices

10 to 12

Practice C—Dye Test for Spiral Wound and Tubular Devices

13 to 18

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 11.02
Developed by Subcommittee: D19.08
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D3923-23
ICS Code: 71.120.99