Standard Historical Last Updated: Apr 25, 2024 Track Document
ASTM D3871-84(2017)

Standard Test Method for Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water Using Headspace Sampling

Standard Test Method for Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water Using Headspace Sampling D3871-84R17 ASTM|D3871-84R17|en-US Standard Test Method for Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water Using Headspace Sampling Standard new BOS Vol. 11.02 Committee D19
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Significance and Use

5.1 Purgeable organic compounds, including organohalides, have been identified as contaminants in raw and drinking water. These contaminants may be harmful to the environment and man. Dynamic headspace sampling is a generally applicable method for concentrating these components prior to gas chromatographic analysis (1-5).3 This test method can be used to quantitatively determine purgeable organic compounds in raw source water, drinking water, and treated effluent water.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of most purgeable organic compounds that boil below 200°C and are less than 2 % soluble in water. It covers the low μg/L to low mg/L concentration range (see Section 15 and Appendix X1).

1.2 This test method was developed for the analysis of drinking water. It is also applicable to many environmental and waste waters when validation, consisting of recovering known concentrations of compounds of interest added to representative matrices, is included.

1.3 Volatile organic compounds in water at concentrations above 1000 μg/L may be determined by direct aqueous injection in accordance with Practice D2908.

1.4 It is the user's responsibility to assure the validity of the test method for untested matrices.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 11.02
Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.1520/D3871-84R17
ICS Code: 13.060.50