Significance and Use
5.1 Both test methods use identical reagents and sample processing. The only difference between the two methods is that one test method is automated and the other is manual. The ranges and interferences are identical.
5.2 The automated test method is preferred when large numbers of samples are to be analyzed. The manual test method is used for fewer samples or when automated instrumentation is not available.
5.3 These test methods replace Test Methods (Nitrite) and (Nitrate). The nitrite test method (Test Method ) used a reagent that is considered to be a potential carcinogen. The nitrate test method (Test Method ) has been shown to have relatively large errors when used in wastewaters and also has greater manipulative difficulties than the test method described herein.
5.4 Test Method uses a nitrate reductase enzyme for the reduction of nitrate to nitrite. Cadmium is considered a toxic metal. Also, the heterogeneous cadmium reductant creates greater difficulty than the reduction described in this test method.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of nitrite nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and combined nitrite-nitrate nitrogen in water and wastewater in the range from 0.05 to 1.0 mg/L nitrogen. Two test methods are given as follows:
Test Method A—Automated Cadmium Reduction
Test Method B—Manual Cadmium Reduction
1.2 These test methods are applicable to surface, saline, waste, and ground waters. It is the user's responsibility to ensure the validity of these test methods for waters of untested matrices.
1.3 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see .
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.