1.1 This guide is intended as an information aid to painting inspectors in carrying out their task efficiently. It includes the key elements of surface preparation, coatings application, and final approval for both field and shop work. The items should be selected that are pertinent to the specification of a particular job.Note 1-For additional helpful information, refer to the following documents: Manual of Coating Work for Light-Water Nuclear Power Plant Primary Containment and Other Safety-Related Facilities New Concepts for Coating Protection of Steel Structures SSPC-PA Guide 3 A Guide to Safety in Paint Application Steel Structures Painting Manual Vol 1 Good Painting Practice Steel Structures Painting Manual Vol 2 Systems and Specifications Manufacturers Specifications and Instructions (made available to the inspector for reference to special requirements for proper application) Material Safety Data Sheets (needed to ensure that personnel take necessary precautions in handling hazardous materials).
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This guide is arranged in the following order:Section Referenced Documents 2 ASTM Standards 2.1 OSHA Standards 2.2 Steel Structures Painting Council Pub- lications 2.3 Significance and Use 3 Preparation for Inspection 4 Field and Shop Inspection 5 Surface Preparation 5.1 Pictorial Standard D 2200 5.1.1 Factors Affecting Coating Perform- ance 5.2 Cleanliness 5.2.1 Mill Scale 5.2.2 Surface Profile 5.2.3 Cleaning Procedure 5.3 Chemical Cleaning 5.3.1 Solvent Vapor Cleaning 18.104.22.168 Hand Tool Cleaning 5.3.2 Power Tool Cleaning 5.3.3 Blast Cleaning 5.3.4 Cleaning and Preparation of Various Surfaces 5.4 Steel Surfaces 5.4.1 Galvanized Surfaces 5.4.2 Aluminum Surfaces 5.4.3 Precautions in Preparing Unpainted and Previously Painted Surfaces 5.4.4 Inspection of Surfaces Prior to Field Painting 5.5 New Construction 5.5.1 Maintenance Repainting 5.5.2 Inspection Equipment 6 General 6.1 Surface Profile Gages 6.1.1 Adhesion of Existing Coating 6.1.2 Portable Pull-off Adhesion Testers 6.1.3 Field Inspection Equipment 6.2 Drying and Curing Times 6.2.1 Thermometers 22.214.171.124 Dew Point 126.96.36.199 Coating Consistency 6.2.2 Consistency Cups 188.8.131.52 Weight-per-Gallon Cup 6.2.3 Wet-Film Thickness Gages 6.2.4 Interchemical Gage 184.108.40.206 Notched Gage 220.127.116.11 Dry-Film Thickness Gages 6.2.5 Tooke Gage 18.104.22.168 Nondestructive Film Thickness Gages 6.2.6 Magnetic-Type Gages 22.214.171.124 Coating Storage and Handling 7 Storage of Coating and Thinner 7.1 Mixing of Coatings 7.2 Thinning 7.3 Initial Samples 7.3.1 Thinning of Coating 7.3.2 Sampling of Thinned Coating 7.3.3 Heating of Coating 7.4 Weather Considerations 8 Drying 8.1 Low Temperature 8.2 High Temperature 8.3 Moisture 8.4 Wind 8.5 Coating Application 9 Residual Contaminants 9.1 Quality Assurance 9.2 Film Defects 9.2.1 Brush Application 9.3 Spray Application 9.4 Roller Application 9.5 Miscellaneous Methods 9.6 Rate of Application 9.7 Additional Considerations 10 Ventilation 10.1 Shopcoat Repair 10.2 Painting Schedule 10.3 Film Integrity 10.4 Recoat Time 10.5 Coating System Failure 10.6 Comparison of Surface Preparation Specifications Table 1 Inspection Checklist Appendix