Standard Historical Last Updated: Dec 31, 2010
ASTM D3274-95(2002)

Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Surface Disfigurement of Paint Films by Microbial (Fungal or Algal) Growth or Soil and Dirt Accumulation

Significance and Use

The growth of fungi and algae in and on the surface of paint films represents a major cause of discoloration or disfigurement of painted surfaces. Because of their dark pigmentation, it is frequently difficult to distinguish fungi and algae from soil or dirt particles. The use of magnification of as much as 100× affords easy distinguishability among fungal spores, fungal mycelia, algae, and dirt and is recommended in cases where such difficulty is apparent.

Dirt accumulation observed on specimens can occur more readily with coatings formulated at lower pigment volume concentration or those containing softer resins.

Use of Photographic Standards:


4.3.1 The photographic reference standards that are part of this test method are for illustration purposes and should be used for visual comparisons.

4.3.2 The photographic standards illustrated in Fig. 4 rate the disfigurement of paint films from 0 to 8. A rating of 10 would indicate a film totally absent of disfigurement by particulate matter.

4.3.3 The ratings used in this standard more closely match a nonlinear scale.

FIG. 4 Disfigurement Ratings


1.1 The photographic reference standards available for use with this test method provide a numerical basis for rating the degree of fungal and algal growth or soil and dirt accumulation on paint films.

1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Book of Standards Volume: 06.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D01.28
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D3274-95R02
ICS Code: 87.040