Standard Historical Last Updated: Aug 14, 2013 Track Document
ASTM D3136-04(2008)e1

Standard Terminology Relating to Care Labeling for Apparel, Textile, Home Furnishing, and Leather Products

Standard Terminology Relating to Care Labeling for Apparel, Textile, Home Furnishing, and Leather Products D3136-04R08E01 ASTM|D3136-04R08E01|en-US Standard Terminology Relating to Care Labeling for Apparel, Textile, Home Furnishing, and Leather Products Standard new BOS Vol. 07.01 Committee D13
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1.1 This standard is a compilation of all terminology developed by Subcommittee D13.62 on Labeling and related to refurbishing and labeling for apparel, textile, home furnishing, and leather products other than upholstered furniture and floor coverings.

1.2 This terminology provides a uniform language for the disclosure of care instructions on labels that are to be attached to apparel, textile, home furnishing, and leather products.

1.3 In the United States, apparel care labels must be attached permanently except when exempted by Federal Trade Commission regulation (see section 2.2).

1.4 These definitions and descriptions employ common meanings used not only by textile technologists but also by consumers.

1.5 These instructions may apply to some accessory products.

1.6 The standardized terminology should be used on the label in a logical refurbishing sequence (wash, bleach, dry, iron, dryclean, wetclean), in order to disclose maximum information in a small label space and to help the consumer understand recommended practices.

1.7 Preliminary instructions may be necessary for proper care of certain products (see Table 1, Preliminary Instructions).

1.8 The wording on a care label should be brief. Manufacturers are encouraged to place more detailed explanations in or on package covers, or in some temporary form of communication such as a sticker or hangtag. The terms used should be consistent with those used on care labels.

1.9 The word only in any care label term limits that portion of the procedure to the stated instruction.

1.10 A care instruction for a product is applicable to all components of the product including nonremovable linings, trim, and other details. Any exceptions should be a part of the labeled instruction. An intentionally removable component, such as a zip-out liner, is expected to be separately labeled when it must be cared for differently from the garment itself, or when there could be serious doubt about what procedure to use (see Federal Trade Commission Trade Regulation Rule).

1.11 Laundering temperatures are maximum and vary widely in national and international practice (see Table 2). Consumers may obtain water temperatures in their washing machines which are frequently below and sometimes higher than the stated maximum temperature. The actual water temperature obtained when using the washing machine settings of hot, warm, and cold vary in North America by region, season, water heater settings (including solar), and regulations governing factory-set mixes. In general, North American washing machines do not have internal heaters.

1.12 This terminology is unique to the care of textile and leather products. Meanings of the same terms outside the industry can be found in other compilations or dictionaries of general usage.

1.13 In addition to being a specialized dictionary, Terminology D 3136 is also useful for managing the subcommittee's terminology.

1.14 Terms listed are under the jurisdiction of SC D13.62.

1.15 For definitions of other textile terms, see Terminology D 123.

TABLE 1 Label Terms and Detailed Instructions

Label TermDetailed Instructions
Preliminary Instructions
Remove ... before Component may not be cleaned or may be cared for differently or separately than the product itself; assumes component can be removed.
Close fastenersSelf explanatory. Action protects zippers and hook and loop tapes from damage or protects the garment from damage by the zipper and hook and loop tape.
Inside-outTurn garment inside-out before cleaning to protect the face of fabric.
With like colorsClean with colors of similar hue and shade depth.
SeparatelyClean product by itself.
Before useClean before first use.
Home Laundering
Machine washUse any home-type or coin-operated washing machine following the manufacturer's instructions as appropriate for the product.
HotSet water temperature control on washer to use hot water directly from the hot water supply, maximum temperature 50°C (120°F) (See 1.11).
WarmSet water temperature control on washer to use warm water, maximum 40°C (105°F) (See 1.11).
ColdSet water temperature control on washer to use cold water directly from cold water supply, maximum temperature 30°C (85°F) (See 1.11).
Small loadUse smaller than normal load of products based on manufacturer's instructions.
Delicate or gentle cycleSet machine to give slow agitation, slow spin, and reduced time.
Durable-press cycle or Permanent-press cycleUse a cool-down rinse or cold rinse before reduced spinning.
Bleach when neededAny household laundry bleach may be used when necessary.
Only non-chlorine bleach when neededUse non-chlorine bleach only when necessary. Chlorine bleach may not be used.
Do not bleachNo bleaches may be used.
Warm rinseSet water temperature control on washer to use warm rinse water, maximum temperature 40°C (105°F) (See 1.11).
Cold rinseSet water temperature control on washer to use cold rinse water directly from cold water supply, maximum temperature 30°C (85°F) (See 1.11).
Rinse twiceRinse at least two times to remove detergent, soap, and bleach.
Do not add fabric softenerNo fabric softener may be used.
Do not spinRemove material prior to start of final spin cycle.
Do not wringDo not use roller wringer. Do not wring by hand.
Hand washManually remove soil from products or specimen by gently squeezing them in a water solution of detergent or soap.
Dry promptlyRemove promptly after washing is complete and dry.
Do not allow to sit wet after washingColor transfer may occur if items sit wet after washing.
Do not washSelf-explanatory. Item may not be washed.
Damp wipe onlySurface clean with damp cloth or sponge.
Do not commercially launderDo not employ a laundry which uses special formulations, sour rinses, extremely large loads or extremely high temperatures or which otherwise is employed for commercial, industrial or institutional use. Employ laundering methods designed for residential use or use in a self-service establishment.
Drying, All Methods
Tumble dryUse machine dryer.
HothighSet dryer at high temperature.
mediumSet dryer at medium temperature.
lowSet dryer at low temperature.
Durable-press or permanent pressSet dryer at durable (permanent) press setting.
No heat or air fluff onlySet dryer to operate without heat.
Remove promptlyWhen items are dry, remove immediately to prevent wrinkling.
Drip dryHang dripping wet without twisting, wringing, or spinning, and without hand shaping and smoothing.
Line dryHang damp after twisting, wringing, spinning or squeezing by hand.
Dry flatLay out horizontally for drying.
Dry in shadeDry away from the sun.
Block to dryBy hand while wet, reshape to original dimensions.
Smooth by handBy hand while wet, remove wrinkles, straighten seams and facings.
Reshape and dry flatBy hand while wet, reshape to original dimensions.
Ironing and Pressing
Iron, highUse high temperature setting.
Iron, mediumUse medium temperature setting.
Iron on lowest settingUse lowest temperature setting.
Do not ironItem not to be smoothed or finished with an iron.
Iron reverse side onlyTurn article inside out for ironing or pressing.
Do not steamDo not use steam in any form.
Steam onlyUse steam without contact pressure.
Steam ironUse iron containing water at steam setting.
PressCommercial utility press may be used.
Iron dampMoisten articles before ironing.
Use press clothPlace either a dry or a damp cloth between the iron and the fabric.
Do not iron decorationAvoid ironing decoration applied to textile product.
Drycleaning, All Methods
Professionally drycleanUse the drycleaning process but modified to aid in optimizing results either by a drycleaning attendant or through the use of a drycleaning machine which permits such modifications or both. Such modifications or special warnings must be included in the care instruction.
Petroleum, Fluorocarbon or PerchloroethyleneEmploy solvent(s) specified to dryclean the item.
Short cycleUse reduced or minimum cleaning time, the exact time to depend upon solvent used.
Minimum extractionUse least possible extraction time.
Reduced moisture Use decreased solvent relative humidity (S.R.H.). The decreased S.R.H. should be measured in the final stages of the drycleaning wash procedure.
No tumble or do not tumbleDo not tumble dry.
Tumble warmTumble dry up to 65°C (150°F), as measured at the outlet stack.
Tumble coolTumble dry with room temperature air.
Cabinet dry warmCabinet dry up to 50°C (120°F).
Cabinet dry coolCabinet dry with room temperature air.
Steam onlyEmploy no contact pressure when steaming.
No steamDo not use steam in pressing, finishing, steam cabinets or wands.
Do not drycleanSelf-explanatory.
Leather Cleaning
Suede leather cleanUse special leather care methods designed for sueded leathers having a raised surface.
Fur cleanClean in a drum type machine using dry particle cleaning compounds. Follow with fur ironing or fur glazing as needed.
Professional leather clean onlyHave cleaned only by a professional cleaner who uses special leather or suede care methods.

TABLE 2 Laundering Water Temperatures In Common UseA

Near boil95°C (200°F)95°C
Extremely hot70°C (160°F)70°C
Very Hot60°C (140°F)60°C (140°F)60°C
Hot50°C (120°F)66°C (150°F)49°C (120°F)50°C
Warm40°C (105°F)32° to 43°C
(90° to 110°F)
41°C (105°F)40°C
Cool30°C (85°F)30°C
Cold30°C (85°F)29°C (85°F)27°C (80°F)
Very Cold16°C (60°F)

A The laundering temperatures in Table 2 are maximum.

B The ISO standard, ISO 3758 TextilesCare Labeling Code Using Symbols, does not associate the terms hot, warm, and cold with water temperatures for laundering. The ISO washing symbols provide maximum water temperature options of 95°C, 70°C, 60°C, 50°C, 40°C, and 30°C in Celsius only. Guide D 5489 requires as a minimum the laundering water temperatures reported within the washtub symbol in degree Celsius and a dot system symbol. The water temperature may also be reported in degrees Fehrenheit.

C The AATCC temperatures are test temperatures for home laundering, whereas the FTC and Canada temperatures are meant to reflect the upper end of temperatures in actual use, including temperatures used in commercial laundering.

D The AATCC temperatures in Celsius have a range of ± 3 degrees Celsius and the water temperatures in Fahrenheit havea range of ± 5 degrees Fahrenheit.

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Book of Standards Volume: 07.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D13.62
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.1520/D3136-04R08E01
ICS Code: 59.080.01; 59.140.35