Standard Active Last Updated: Aug 14, 2017
ASTM D3123-09(2017)

Standard Test Method for Spiral Flow of Low-Pressure Thermosetting Molding Compounds

Significance and Use

4.1 The spiral flow of a thermosetting molding compound is a measure of the combined characteristics of fusion under pressure, melt viscosity, and gelation rate under specific conditions.

4.2 This test method is useful as a quality control test and as an acceptance criterion.

4.3 This test method, by itself, is not a valid means for comparing the moldability of similar or different molding compounds because it cannot duplicate actual conditions prevalent in different types of production molds.

4.4 This test method is presently intended for use at a transfer pressure of 6.9 MPa (1000 psi) and a mold temperature of 423 ± 3 K (150 ± 3°C (302 ± 5°F)).


1.1 This test method covers a procedure for measuring the spiral flow of thermosetting molding compounds (soft or very soft) designed for molding pressures under 6.9 MPa (1000 psi). It is especially suited for those compounds used for encapsulation or other low pressure molding techniques. It involves the use of a standard spiral flow mold in a transfer molding press under specified conditions of applied temperature and pressure with a controlled charge mass.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this test method.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 08.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.30
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D3123-09R17
ICS Code: 83.140.99