Standard Active Last Updated: Jul 19, 2018
ASTM D3094-18

Standard Practice for Seepage Rate of Aerosol Products

Significance and Use

2.1 This practice affords a more rapid answer to the ever-present problem of mass loss during storage. It is of particular value in determining the effectiveness of valve stake and clinch seal elastomers in contact with new formulations. This practice may also be used to evaluate new valves with standard mixtures.


1.1 This practice covers the determination of approximate mass loss due to valve seepage rate2 of aerosol products by the collection and measurement of gases seeping through the valve and into a special eudiometer tube, over a relatively short time period.

1.2 It can be shown that the average refrigeration-filled aerosol product seeps to the extent of approximately 3.0 mL when the corresponding mass loss is 0.10 oz (2.9 cm3)/year. This figure is partially based on air content and is subject to variations according to filling conditions. This practice is not considered dependable when applied to pressure-filled, unpurged aerosol products.

1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.10
Developed by Subcommittee: D10.33
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/D3094-18
ICS Code: 55.130