Standard Active Last Updated: Dec 27, 2016
ASTM D2970/D2970M-04(2014)

Standard Test Methods for Testing Tire Cords, Tire Cord Fabrics, and Industrial Yarns Made From Glass Filaments

Significance and Use

5.1 The procedures in these test methods may be used for the acceptance testing of commercial shipments, but caution is advised because technicians may fail to get good agreement between results on certain yarns, cords, or fabrics. Comparative tests as directed in Section 5.1.1 may be advisable.

5.1.1 If there are differences of practical significance between reported test results for two laboratories (or more), comparative tests should be performed to determine if there is a statistical bias between them, using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, test samples should be used that are as homogeneous as possible, that are drawn from the material from which the disparate test results were obtained, and that are randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. Other materials with established test values may be used for this purpose. The test results from the two laboratories should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data, at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected, or future test results for that material must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.

5.2 The significance and use of particular properties are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specific test methods.


1.1 These test methods cover the testing of industrial yarns made of glass filaments, cords twisted from such yarns, and fabric woven from such cords—products that are made specifically for use in the manufacture of pneumatic tires. By agreement, these test methods may be applied to similar glass yarns and cords used for reinforcing other rubber goods and for other industrial applications. The yarn or cord may be wound on cones, tubes, bobbins, spools, or beams, woven into fabric, or in other forms. These test methods include testing procedures only. These test methods do not include specifications or tolerances.

1.2 No procedure is included for the determination of fatigue resistance of cords, but several articles relating to the measurement of fatigue resistance of cords made from man-made filaments and cured in rubber were published in the bibliography of Test Methods D885.

1.3 The following sections are included:



Adhesion of Cords to Elastomers


Breaking Strength (Force) of Conditioned Yarns and Cords


Breaking Tenacity of Conditioned Yarns and Cords


Catenary Length of Cords

Appendix X1



Construction of Yarns and Cords


Count of Tire Cord Fabric


Dip Pick-Up (DPU) on Yarns and Cords


Elongation at Break of Conditioned Yarns and Cords


Initial Modulus of Conditioned Yarns and Cords




Mass of Tire Cord Fabric


Precision and Bias

25 – 27

Sampling of Yarn and Cord


Sampling of Tire Cord Fabric


Tensile Properties of Yarns and Cords

9 – 17



Thickness of Cords


Twist in Yarns and Cords


Width of Tire Cord Fabric


Yarn Number of Dipped Yarns and Cords


1.4 These test methods show the values in both SI units and in inch-pound units. “SI units” is the technically correct name for the system of metric units known as the International System of Units. “Inch-pound units” is the technically correct name for the customary units used in the United States. The values stated in either acceptable metric units or other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values expressed in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of each other without combining values in any way.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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Book of Standards Volume: 07.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D13.19
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.1520/D2970_D2970M-04R14
ICS Code: 83.160.01