Standard Historical Last Updated: Dec 31, 2010 Track Document
ASTM D2843-99(2004)e1

Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics

Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics D2843-99R04E01 ASTM|D2843-99R04E01|en-US Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics Standard new BOS Vol. 08.01 Committee D20
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Significance and Use

Tests made on a material under conditions herein prescribed can be of considerable value in comparing the relative smoke obscuration characteristics of plastics.

This test method serves to determine the extent to which plastic materials are likely to smoke under conditions of active burning and decomposition in the presence of flame.

Note 2—The visual and instrumental observations from this test compare well with the visual observations of the smoke generated by plastic materials when added to a freely burning large outdoor fire.4

The usefulness of this test procedure is in its ability to measure the amount of smoke obscuration produced in a simple, direct, and meaningful manner under the specified conditions. The degree of obscuration of vision by smoke generated by combustibles can be substantially affected by changes in quantity and form of material, humidity, draft, temperature, and oxygen supply.


1.1 This fire-test-response test method covers a laboratory procedure for measuring and observing the relative amounts of smoke obscuration produced by the burning or decomposition of plastics. It is intended to be used for measuring the smoke-producing characteristics of plastics under controlled conditions of combustion or decomposition. Correlation with other fire conditions is not implied. The measurements are made in terms of the loss of light transmission through a collected volume of smoke produced under controlled, standardized conditions. The apparatus is constructed so that the flame and smoke can be observed during the test.

1.2 Caution-During the course of combustion, gases or vapors, or both, are evolved that may be hazardous to personnel. Adequate precautions should be taken to protect the operator.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information purposes only.

1.4 This standard should be used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire-hazard or fire-risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire-hazard assessment or a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard or fire-risk of a particular end use.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in 1.2 and Note 7.

Note 1-There is no similar or equivalent ISO standard.
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Book of Standards Volume: 08.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.30
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.1520/D2843-99R04E01
ICS Code: 13.220.50