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ASTM D2646-18

Standard Guide for Backing Fabric Characteristics of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings

Standard Guide for Backing Fabric Characteristics of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings D2646-18 ASTM|D2646-18|en-US Standard Guide for Backing Fabric Characteristics of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings Standard new BOS Vol. 07.01 Committee D13
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Significance and Use

5.1 These test methods may be used for acceptance testing of commercial shipments; however, caution is advised because information about between interlaboratory precision is incomplete. Comparative tests as directed in 5.1.1 may be advisable.

5.1.1 If there are differences of practical significance between reported test results for two laboratories (or more), comparative tests should be performed to determine if there is statistical bias between them using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, use test samples for such comparative tests that are as homogeneous as possible, drawn from the same lot of material as the samples that resulted in the disparate results during initial testing, and that are randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The test results from the laboratories should be compared using statistical test for unpaired data at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found either its cause must be found and corrected, or future test results for that material must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.

5.2 These test methods are useful to evaluate quality and cost control during the manufacture of pile yarn floor covering.

5.3 The significance and uses of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specified test methods.


1.1 This guide covers the procedures listed as follows for testing woven, knitted and nonwoven backing fabrics designed for use in the manufacture of pile yarn floor coverings. The procedures appear in the following order:



Bow and Skewness of Woven Fabrics


Breaking Force of Woven and Nonwoven Fabrics


Breaking Force After Tufting of Woven and Nonwoven Fabrics


Extractable Matter


Fabric Count of Woven Fabrics


Fabric Count of Knitted Fabrics


Length of Woven Fabrics


Mass per Unit Area (Weight) of Woven Fabrics


Width of Woven Fabrics


1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 07.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D13.21
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/D2646-18
ICS Code: 59.080.30