Standard Active Last Updated: Jun 18, 2024 Track Document
ASTM D2166/D2166M-24

Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil

Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil D2166_D2166M-24 ASTM|D2166_D2166M-24|en-US Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil Standard new BOS Vol. 04.08 Committee D18
$ 63.00 In stock
ASTM International

Significance and Use

5.1 The primary purpose of the unconfined compression test is to quickly measure the compressive strength for those soils that possess sufficient cohesion to permit testing in the unconfined state. The test is performed on non-free draining soils at a strain rate sufficiently high enough such that the soil does not expel water during loading. The degree of saturation of the test specimen can affect drainage conditions during shearing, which may affect the test results.

5.2 Since testing is performed on an unconfined specimen, this test method does not attempt to replicate an in situ state of stress prior to loading. Further, drainage conditions during shearing are not certain. Therefore, this test method provides an index of undrained shear strength.

5.3 Samples of soils having slickensided or fissured structure, samples of some types of loess, very soft clays, dry and crumbly soils and varved materials, or samples containing significant portions of silt or sand, or both (all of which usually exhibit cohesive properties), frequently display higher shear strengths when tested in accordance with Test Method D2850. Also, unsaturated soils will usually exhibit different shear strengths when tested in accordance with Test Method D2850.

5.4 If tests on the same sample in both its intact and remolded states are performed, the sensitivity of the material can be determined. This method of determining sensitivity is suitable only for soils that can retain a stable specimen shape in the remolded state.

Note 2: For soils that will not retain a stable shape Test Method D4648/D4648M or Test Method D2850 may be used to determine sensitivity.

Note 3: The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D3740 provides a means of evaluating some, but not all, of those factors.

Scope

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the unconfined compressive strength of cohesive soil in the intact, remolded, or reconstituted condition, using strain-controlled application of the axial load.

1.2 This test method provides an approximate value of the strength of cohesive soils in terms of total stresses.

1.3 This test method is applicable only to cohesive materials which will not expel or bleed water (water expelled from the soil due to deformation) during the loading portion of the test and which will retain intrinsic strength after removal of confining pressures, such as clays or clayey soils. Dry and crumbly soils, fissured or varved materials, silts, peats, and sands cannot be tested with this method to obtain valid unconfined compressive strength values.

1.4 This test method is not a substitute for Test Method D2850.

Note 1: The determination of the unconsolidated, undrained strength of cohesive soils with lateral confinement is covered by Test Method D2850. See 5.2 for additional information.

1.5 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard.

1.5.1 The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight), while the unit for mass is slugs. The rationalized slug unit is not given, unless dynamic (F = ma) calculations are involved.

1.5.2 It is common practice in the engineering/construction profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and of force (lbf). This practice implicitly combines two separate systems of units; the absolute and the gravitational systems. It is scientifically undesirable to combine the use of two separate sets of inch-pound units within a single standard. As stated, this standard includes the gravitational system of inch-pound units and does not use/present the slug unit for mass. However, the use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording density in lbm/ft3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard.

1.6 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026, unless superseded by this standard.

1.6.1 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded or calculated in the standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user’s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Price:
Contact Sales
Related
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Details
Book of Standards Volume: 04.08
Developed by Subcommittee: D18.05
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.1520/D2166_D2166M-24
ICS Code: 93.020