Standard Active Last Updated: Jul 14, 2021 Track Document
ASTM D2158-21

Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases D2158-21 ASTM|D2158-21|en-US Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases Standard new BOS Vol. 05.01 Committee D02
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Significance and Use

5.1 Control over the residue content (required by Specification D1835) is of considerable importance in end-use applications of LPG. In liquid feed systems, residues can lead to troublesome deposits and, in vapor withdrawal systems, residues that are carried over can foul regulating equipment. Residues that remain in vapor-withdrawal systems will accumulate, can be corrosive, and will contaminate subsequent product. Water, particularly if alkaline, can cause failure of regulating equipment and corrosion of metals.

5.2 See Appendix X2 for information on the effect of temperature on the measurement of residue in LPG.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of extraneous materials weathering above 38 °C that are present in liquefied petroleum gases. The extraneous materials will generally be dissolved in the LPG, but may have phase-separated in some instances.

1.2 Liquefied petroleum gases that contain certain anti-icing additives can give erroneous results by this test method.

1.3 Although this test method has been used to verify cleanliness and lack of heavy contaminants in propane for many years, it might not be sensitive enough to protect some equipment from operational problems or increased maintenance. A more sensitive test, able to detect lower levels of dissolved contaminants, could be required for some applications.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 05.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D02.H0
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/D2158-21
ICS Code: 75.160.30