This specification covers the requirements for an adhesive which is intended for use in bonding pre-fabricated acoustical materials to the inside walls and ceilings of rooms in buildings. This adhesive is required to maintain a specific tensile adhesion or bond strength for a long period of time under the temperature and moisture conditions likely to be encountered and to maintain sufficient plasticity to allow for movement of parts of the building as it ages. The adhesive shall be of uniform composition, shall be free from all ingredients that will affect its serviceability or have a deleterious effect on the acoustical material, shall not liberate toxic gases or fumes under normal conditions of use and application, nor shall it contain irritating substances. Tests shall be conducted to determine the following adhesive properties: surface adherence; wetting; tensile and adhesion strengths; volume shrinkage; cracking; and plasticity to permit indentation. The specimens shall also be subjected to migration or bleeding and storage tests.
1.1 This specification covers an adhesive for bonding prefabricated acoustical materials to the inside walls and ceilings of rooms in buildings. This adhesive is required to maintain a tensile adhesion (bond strength) of not less than 3.45 × 104 dynes/cm2 (1/2 lb/in.2) for a long period of time under the temperature and moisture conditions likely to be encountered and to maintain sufficient plasticity to allow for movement of parts of the building as it ages.
Note 1: Cleanliness of Surface—The surface to which the acoustical material is applied with the adhesive should be clean, sound, and dry. Surface coatings should be removed if their nature indicates an unsatisfactory installation, so that the adhesive can be applied to the base. When the adhesive is to be applied on a painted surface, test tile should be applied for 48 h to determine suitable adherence of the coating by examination. Acoustical adhesives are not intended to be applied to surfaces that are moist and that have an alkaline reaction, or that may later become moist or alkaline. Such surfaces, as concrete or plaster, should be properly dried and aged before applying the adhesive.
Note 2: Load—This adhesive is not recommended as a sole means of holding acoustical materials weighing more than 121 kg/m2 (21/2 lb/ft2) to ceiling surfaces.
Note 3: Amount and Condition of Material—It is recommended that sufficient adhesive be used so that there is a contact surface of not less than 1.2 × 104 cm2/m2 (20 in.2/ft2) of acoustical material, with a minimum thickness of 0.3 cm (1/8 in.) and that the adhesive be applied in four separate nearly spherical portions of approximately equal size near the corners for a standard 30.5 by 30.5-cm (12 by 12-in.) tile. Fewer than or more than four portions for 30.5 by 30.5-cm tile are not recommended due to difficulty in leveling and in securing effective contact area on all portions. Adhesives that are hard, or do not wet the surface, or are difficult to spread should not be used.
Note 4: Rigidity of Base Surfaces—It is necessary that the material forming the base to which the adhesive is attached should be relatively smooth, firm, and rigid. If the pressure of applying tile and adhesive causes the base material to deflect excessively, tile previously applied may have their adhesive bond broken. This occurs on some types of gypsum board suspension systems.
Note 5: Aging—To date, no accelerated aging tests for adhesives have been developed to duplicate exactly aging in service. The aging tests in this specification are designed to accelerate the aging process and to test various manifestations of aging, and are intended to be satisfactory for comparing one adhesive with another; they do not necessarily reflect aging characteristics on an absolute basis. Purchasers of adhesives should receive from the manufacturer additional warranties and assurances of performance of the adhesive under normal aging.
Note 6: Erection Practices—Proper erection techniques are essential for proper performance of any acoustical adhesive. Use of a material meeting this specification will not in itself guarantee satisfactory performance. Only when tiles are applied by skilled and experienced workers following instructions from the manufacturer can the purchaser be assured of satisfactory performance of an adhesive.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.