Standard Historical Last Updated: Dec 23, 2019
ASTM D1696-95(2011)

Standard Test Method for Solubility of Cellulose in Sodium Hydroxide

Significance and Use

The measurement of soluble oxidizable components of cellulose in sodium hydroxide is indicative of the purity of the cellulose sample, since pure cellulose is insoluble in sodium hydroxide. The extracted components are typically hemicelluloses, which are naturally present in the wood. Differences in pulp purity can have a dramatic impact on the processing and properties of the cellulose derivatives produced from the pulp.


1.1 This test method is intended for application to dissolving-type cellulose pulps prepared from cotton or wood. The procedure is not directly applicable to unrefined pulps for use in chemical conversion processes because solubility equilibrium may not be attained within the specified extraction time.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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Book of Standards Volume: 06.03
Developed by Subcommittee: D01.36
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D1696-95R11
ICS Code: 85.040