Standard Historical Last Updated: Sep 09, 2022
ASTM D1555M-16

### Standard Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane [Metric]

Significance and Use

3.1 This test method is suitable for use in calculating weights and volumes of the products outlined in Section 1. The information presented in this method can be used for determining quantities of the above-stated aromatic hydrocarbons in tanks, shipping containers, etc.

Scope

1.1 This standard is for use in calculating the weight and volume of benzene, toluene, mixed xylenes, styrene, ortho-xylene, meta-xylene, para-xylene, cumene, ethylbenzene, 148.9 to 176.7°C and 176.7 to 204.4°C aromatic hydrocarbons, and cyclohexane. A method is given for calculating the volume at 15°C and 20°C from an observed volume at t°C. Table 1 lists the density in Vacuo at 60°F for chemicals used to develop the relationship. Densities (or weights) “in vacuo” represent the true density (or weight) if measured in a vacuum without the buoyancy effect of air acting on the liquid. It is representative of the actual amount of product present. Densities (or weights) “in air” represent what would actually be measured on a scale. The difference is on the order of 0.13 %. Modern densitometers measure density in vacuo and the ASTM recommends the use of in vacuo densities (or weights).

(A) Obtained from Method D1555 – 04a by multiplying the chemical's 60°F density by the volume correction factor for 59°F.
(B) Specific Gravity at 15°C is not presented in this table as it is unnecessary to this standard. If needed, divide 15°C density in g/cc by 0.999102 g/cc. See Appendix X1.
(C) g/cc can be converted to kg/1000L or kg/m3 by multiplying by 1000.
(D) Produced using the equation: Density g/mLin air = (1.000149926 × Density g/mLin vacuo − 0.001199407795) and rounding to 5 decimal places. See Appendix X2.
(E) Obtained from Method D1555 - 04a by multiplying the chemical's 60°F density by the volume correction factor for 68°F.
(F) Specific Gravity at 20°C is not presented in this table as it is unnecessary to this standard. If needed, divide 20°C density in g/cc by 0.998206 g/cc. See Appendix X1.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.2.1 A complete inch-pound unit companion standard has been developed in Test Method D1555.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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