Standard Historical Last Updated: May 03, 2024 Track Document
ASTM D88/D88M-07(2019)e1

Standard Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity

Standard Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity D0088_D0088M-07R19E01 ASTM|D0088_D0088M-07R19E01|en-US Standard Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity Standard new BOS Vol. 04.04 Committee D08
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Significance and Use

5.1 This test method is useful in characterizing certain petroleum products, as one element in establishing uniformity of shipments and sources of supply.

5.2 See Guide D117 for applicability to mineral oils used as electrical insulating oils.

5.3 The Saybolt Furol viscosity is approximately one tenth the Saybolt Universal viscosity, and is recommended for characterization of petroleum products such as fuel oils and other residual materials having Saybolt Universal viscosities greater than 1000 s.

5.4 Determination of the Saybolt Furol viscosity of bituminous materials at higher temperatures is covered by Test Method E102/E102M.


1.1 This test method covers the empirical procedures for determining the Saybolt Universal or Saybolt Furol viscosities of petroleum products at specified temperatures between 21 and 99°C [70 and 210°F]. A special procedure for waxy products is indicated.

Note 1: Test Methods D445 and D2170/D2170M are preferred for the determination of kinematic viscosity. They require smaller samples and less time, and provide greater accuracy. Kinematic viscosities may be converted to Saybolt viscosities by use of the tables in Practice D2161. It is recommended that viscosity indexes be calculated from kinematic rather than Saybolt viscosities.

1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 04.04
Developed by Subcommittee: D08.05
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/D0088_D0088M-07R19E01
ICS Code: 17.060