Journal Published Online: 01 July 1999
Volume 21, Issue 3

Thermal Residual Stress Analyses of Nextel 440/Aluminum Composite



Finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the residual stresses developed during the fabrication process of the Nextel 440/A1-6061 composite. The purpose of the analyses was to find the effect of fiber orientation and fiber spacing on processing-induced thermal residual stresses in the metal matrix composite with noncircular fibers’ cross section. It was found that high compressive stresses developed between two fibers that increased as the two fibers approached each other. However, significant tensile stresses developed between fibers once the two fibers touched each other. The transition from compression to tension is explained by considering the force balance between contacting fibers. The normal stress on the fiber/matrix interface was higher when the major axis of two noncircular fibers’ cross section was oriented at 45° to each other, than it was when the major axis was oriented at 0° to each other. The normal residual stress at the fiber/matrix interface for noncircular fiber geometry was higher compared to what would have developed using round fibers.

Author Information

Nayeb-Hashemi, H
Northeastern University, Boston, MA
Yang, Y
Northeastern University, Boston, MA
Pages: 8
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Stock #: CTR10613J
ISSN: 0884-6804
DOI: 10.1520/CTR10613J