Journal Published Online: 01 October 1994
Volume 16, Issue 4

A Biaxial Tension-Compression Test Method for Composite Laminates



Development of a test system and associated experimental procedure for evaluating the strength of composite laminates under an in-plane biaxial tension-compression (BTC) stress state is presented. A description of the BTC test system and specimen is given. Flexible end reinforcements which do not transfer transverse external loads were used to eliminate stress concentrations caused by tensile grips and prevented the edges of the laminates from being crushed in compression. A relatively homogeneous statically determinant biaxial tension-compression stress field can be achieved in the gage section and the effects of a range of biaxial tension or compression stresses on the shear failure behavior can be easily studied.

A commercial fiberglass fabric/epoxy laminate, G-10, is available in sheet and tubular forms and was used to evaluate the BTC specimen and test fixture. Results from this specimen design have the same strength as tubular specimens. Under a biaxial tension-compression loading condition, failure strength in one direction is not affected by applying a second transverse load. The in-plane shear cut-off predicted by most anisotropic strength criteria for composite laminates under a biaxial tension-compression stress state is not observed in G-10 composite laminates.

Author Information

Wang, JZ
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
Socie, DF
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
Pages: 7
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: CTR10594J
ISSN: 0884-6804
DOI: 10.1520/CTR10594J