Journal Published Online: 01 June 1991
Volume 13, Issue 2

Multiple Transverse Cracking and Stiffness Reduction in Cross-Ply Laminates



The stiffness reduction as a result of multiple transverse cracking in cross-ply laminates and the crack density dependence on the applied tensile stress are analyzed by linear elastic fracture mechanics. The stress field distribution is obtained by the principle of minimum complementary energy. Two models are suggested which describe the non-uniform stress distribution in the thickness direction of the 0° layer. They contain the variational approach presented by Hashin as a particular case. Elastic ply properties and the Mode I critical strain energy release rate GIc for transverse cracking are the experimental data needed. Model predictions are compared with experimental data for glass fiber/epoxy, AS4/3502, and AS/3501-06 carbon fiber/epoxy cross-ply laminates. The predictions from the suggested models describe both the constraint effect and the crack saturation phenomenon.

Author Information

Varna, J
Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
Berglund, L
Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
Pages: 10
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Stock #: CTR10213J
ISSN: 0884-6804
DOI: 10.1520/CTR10213J