One of the major environmental challenges facing municipalities around the world is the disposal of worn out automobile tires. To address this global problem, several studies have been conducted to examine various applications of recycled tire rubber (fine crumb rubber and coarse tire chips). Examples include the reuse of ground tire rubber in a variety of rubber and plastic products, thermal incineration of waste tires for the production of electricity or as fuel for cement kilns, and use of recycled rubber chips in asphalt concrete. Unfortunately, generation of waste tires far exceeds these uses. This paper emphasizes another technically and economically attractive option, which is the use of recycled tire rubber in portland cement concrete. Preliminary studies show that workable rubberized portland cement concrete (rubcrete) mixtures can be made provided that appropriate percentages of tire rubber are used in such mixtures. Achievements in this area are examined in this paper, with special focus on engineering properties of rubcrete mixtures. These include: workability, compressive strength, split-tensile strength, flexural strength, elastic modulus, Poisson's ratio, toughness, impact resistance, sound and heat insulation, and freezing and thawing resistance. The benefits of using magnesium oxychloride cement as a binder for rubberized concrete mixtures are discussed. Various applications in which rubcrete could be advantageous over conventional concrete are described.
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