Journal Published Online: 01 December 1994
Volume 16, Issue 2

The Effects of Different Cementing Materials and Curing on Concrete Scaling



As part of a project to determine the long-term durability of concrete made with an alkali-silica reactive coarse aggregate, six concrete mixtures were made with a variety of cementing materials: high-alkali portland cement (HAPC), low-alkali portland cement (LAPC), 25% ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBFS), and 50% GGBFS with high-alkali portland cement, 18% Type F fly ash with high-alkali portland cement, and 3.8% silica fume with high-alkali portland cement and 25% GGBFS. Concrete slabs were cast and cured under three conditions: 14 days in the moist room at 23°C, 14 days outdoors covered under wet burlap and plastic sheet, and 28 days in the laboratory air after application of a curing compound. The slabs were tested at an age of 28 days for 50 freeze-thaw cycles in the scaling test using a 3% sodium-chloride (NaCl) solution. The slabs cured outside under wet burlap generally had a high resistance to scaling, with the exception of the mixture with 50% GGBFS. This concrete also exhibited scaling of a full-scale outdoor slab on grade during the first winter. The slabs cured, according to the test method, in the moist curing room generally showed a low resistance to salt scaling. Erratum to this paper appears in 17(1).

Author Information

Afrani, I
Ministry of Transportation, Engineering Materials Office, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Rogers, C
Ministry of Transportation, Engineering Materials Office, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Pages: 8
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Stock #: CCA10291J
ISSN: 0149-6123
DOI: 10.1520/CCA10291J