Standard Active Last Updated: Oct 15, 2021
ASTM C1908-21

Standard Test Method for Pummel Adhesion Testing of Two-ply Laminated Architectural Glass

Significance and Use

5.1 Pummel adhesion of laminated glass is a method used to measure the relative adhesive bond strength between the interlayer and glass substrate interface. The interlayer to substrate adhesion has a great effect on the impact resistance of laminates as well as long term stability. This test method is intended to provide three levels of grading. This test method is not intended to provide more precision. The laminate bond strength, in most applications, must be controlled to avoid potential problems of delamination at low adhesion and impact failures or undesirable post breakage characteristics at high adhesion.


1.1 This test method determines the relative strength of the adhesive bond between interlayer and glass, inks, coatings, frit or other materials adhered to the glass surface to which interlayers may bond (hereinafter, glass substrate).

1.2 This test method outlines a test method to be used on laminated architectural glass with two layers of glass substrate bonded by an interlayer. Glass substrate can be undecorated, decorated, uncoated, coated, annealed or strengthened, flat or patterned. One or more of the surfaces of glass may have a surface with ink, coatings, frit, patterns, a low-e type coating etc.

1.3 This test method is a qualitative test which covers manual and semi-automatic mechanical pummel testing and visual rating of tested specimens.

1.4 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.02
Developed by Subcommittee: C14.08
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.1520/C1908-21
ICS Code: 81.040.20