Standard Active Last Updated: Mar 29, 2024 Track Document
ASTM C1893-24

Standard Practice for Laboratory Performance Verification of Hydrodynamic Separators for the Treatment of Stormwater Runoff

Standard Practice for Laboratory Performance Verification of Hydrodynamic Separators for the Treatment of Stormwater Runoff C1893-24 ASTM|C1893-24|en-US Standard Practice for Laboratory Performance Verification of Hydrodynamic Separators for the Treatment of Stormwater Runoff Standard new BOS Vol. 04.05 Committee E64
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Significance and Use

4.1 This practice provides criteria for the verification of the silica sediment removal efficiency of hydrodynamic separators.

4.2 Verification can be used to support certification of the technology within different AHJs provided that:

4.2.1 HDS units are sized using the resulting performance data to treat the prescribed water quality flow rate or annual mass load requirement at the level of performance desired by the certifying entity.

4.2.2 Scaling of results to different MTD model sizes is in accordance with this standard.

4.2.3 The technology is designed consistently with the tested unit such that it operates within the specified limits determined by the verification as well as other restrictions placed by the certification entity.


1.1 This practice covers the criteria for the laboratory verification of Hydrodynamic Separators (HDS) as it relates to the removal of suspended solids in stormwater runoff.

1.2 HDS manufactured treatment devices are placed as offline or online treatment devices along storm drain pipe lines to remove suspended solids and associated pollutants from stormwater runoff. These devices may be used to target removal of other pollutants which are not covered in this standard. The criteria in this standard specifically relate to the removal of silica particles in controlled laboratory conditions, which is considered an appropriate surrogate for predicting the removal of stormwater solids from actual stormwater runoff.

1.3 This practice provides guidelines for independent regulatory entities, collectively referred to as Authority Having Jurisdictions (AHJs), to streamline data requirements for the certification of HDS devices within their jurisdiction. For any given AHJ, additional criteria may also apply.

1.4 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard, except for methods to establish and report sediment concentration and particle size. It is convention to exclusively describe sediment concentration in mg/L and particle size in mm or μm, both of which are SI units. The SI units given in parentheses are mathematical conversions, which are provided for information purposes only and are not considered standard. Reporting of test results in units other than inch-pound units shall not be regarded as non-conformance with this test method.

1.5 Acceptance of test results attained according to this specification may be subject to specific requirements set by a Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP), a specific verification protocol, or AHJ. It is advised to review one or all of the above to ensure compliance.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Note 1: This practice is also intended to ensure that the data resulting from completion of testing in accordance with the ASTM test methods referenced herein can be utilized to satisfy the requirements of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection’s manufactured treatment device (MTD) certification process.

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 04.05
Developed by Subcommittee: E64.01
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.1520/C1893-24
ICS Code: 13.060.10; 71.040.10