Standard Active Last Updated: Oct 19, 2018
ASTM C1865-18

Standard Test Method for The Determination of Carbon and Sulfur Content in Plutonium Oxide Powder by the Direct Combustion-Infrared Spectrophotometer

Significance and Use

5.1 Plutonium oxide powder is a component of MOX fuel. This test method can be used to determine whether the carbon and sulfur contents of the PuO2 powder meets the requirements of Specifications C757 and C753 or other requirements as defined by agreement between the nuclear and fuel supplier and the customer.

5.2 MOX is used as a nuclear-reactor fuel. To be used as a fuel, MOX materials must meet specifications on the impurity element contents in them. Examples of these requirements are given in Specification C833.

5.3 This method is suitable for pure plutonium oxide powder.


1.1 This test method is for the determination of the carbon and sulfur contents in plutonium oxide (PuO2) powder. The method utilizes an induction furnace purged with oxygen for combustion of the sample. Carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide produced by the combustion are swept into absorption cells and quantified by infrared absorption spectrophotometers. This test method is an alternative to the methods for carbon and sulfur given in Test Method C697.

1.2 Determination of the carbon and sulfur contents in nuclear-grade sintered mixed oxide (MOX) fuel pellets requires the use of larger samples and is addressed in Test Method C1853.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Units of measurement in parentheses are included for information only.

1.4 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 12.01
Developed by Subcommittee: C26.05
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.1520/C1865-18
ICS Code: 27.120.30