1.1.1 The intent of this guide is to provide general considerations for the development, verification, validation, and documentation of tank simulants for hazardous materials (for example, radioactive wastes) and process streams. Due to the expense and hazards associated with obtaining and working with actual hazardous materials, especially radioactive wastes, simulants are used in a wide variety of applications including process and equipment development and testing, equipment acceptance testing, and plant commissioning. This standard guide facilitates a consistent methodology for development, preparation, verification, validation, and documentation of simulants.
1.2 This guide provides direction on (1) defining simulant use, (2) defining simulant-design requirements, (3) developing a simulant preparation procedure, (4) verifying and validating that the simulant meets design requirements, and (5) documenting simulant-development activities and simulant preparation procedures.
1.3.1 This guide is intended for persons and organizations tasked with developing simulants to either mimic certain characteristics and properties of hazardous materials or provide representative performance for the phenomenon being evaluated. The process for simulant development, verification, validation, and documentation is shown schematically in . Specific approval requirements for the simulant developed under this guide are not provided. This topic is left to the performing organization. Approval requirements are associated with the design of the simulant, makeup procedures, and final simulant produced.
FIG. 1 Simulant Development, Verification, Validation, and Documentation Flowsheet
1.3.2 While this guide is directed at simulants for radioactive materials (for example, nuclear waste), the guidance is also applicable to other aqueous based solutions and slurries.
1.3.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This guide is not a substitute for sound chemistry and chemical engineering skills, proven practices and experience. It is not intended to be prescriptive but rather to provide considerations for the development and use of simulants.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.