This practice details the recommended method for calculating the equivalent boron content (EBC) values of nuclear elements and materials that are of potential significance as thermal neutron poisons. EBC factors are determined from the atomic weight of elements and the thermal neutron absorption cross section in barns. These may be used depending upon the actual neutron energy characteristics of the applicable reactor system. The elements aluminum, fluorine, rubidium, barium, lead, silicon, beryllium, neon, tin, bismuth, oxygen, zirconium, carbon, magnesium, cerium, and phosphorus are not required to be included in the EBC calculations as their contribution to the total poison effect is not considerably significant.
1.1 This standard details a recommended practice for the calculation of the Equivalent Boron Content (EBC) values for elements that are of potential significance as thermal neutron poisons. The values are determined from a knowledge of the atomic weight of elements and the thermal neutron absorption cross section in barns. This practice is illustrated by using the EBC factors of Table 1 which are based on thermal neutron (2200 m/s) absorption cross sections. Other EBC factors may be used depending upon the actual neutron energy characteristics of the applicable reactor system.1.2 The following elements do not require to be included in the EBC calculations, as their EBC factors are less than or equal to 0.0001: aluminum; fluorine; rubidium; barium; lead; silicon; beryllium; neon; tin; bismuth; oxygen; zirconium; carbon; magnesium; cerium; phosphorus. Their contribution to the total poison effect is not considered significant.
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