Standard Active Last Updated: Jan 30, 2018
ASTM C1128-18

Standard Guide for Preparation of Working Reference Materials for Use in Analysis of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Materials

Significance and Use

5.1 Certified reference materials (CRMs) prepared from nuclear materials are generally well characterized and sufficiently homogenous and stable for their intended use. Usually they are certified using the most unbiased and precise measurement methods available, often with more than one laboratory being used on a national or international level, and they are at the top of the metrological hierarchy of reference materials. A graphical representation of a typical national nuclear measurement system is shown in Fig. 3.

FIG. 3 Typical National Nuclear Measurement System

 Typical National Nuclear Measurement System Typical National Nuclear Measurement System

5.2 Working reference materials (WRMs) need to have quality characteristics that are similar to CRMs, although the rigor used to achieve those characteristics is not usually as stringent as for CRMs. Similarly, producers of WRMs should comply with applicable requirements of ISO 17034, which are less stringent for WRMs than the requirements for producers of CRMs. Where possible, CRMs are typically used to calibrate the methods used for establishing reference values assigned to WRMs, thus providing traceability to CRMs as required by ISO/IEC 17025. A WRM is normally prepared for a specific application.

5.3 Because of the importance of having highly reliable measurement data from nuclear material analysis, particularly for material control and accountability purposes, CRMs are used for calibration when available. However, CRMs prepared from nuclear materials are not always available for specific applications. Thus, there may be a need for a laboratory to prepare nuclear material WRMs to meet specific needs. Also, CRMs are often too expensive, or their supply is too limited for use in the quantities needed for long-term, routine use. When properly prepared, WRMs will serve equally well as CRMs for most applications, and using WRMs will help preserve supplies of CRMs.

5.4 Difficulties may be encountered in the preparation of RMs from nuclear materials because of the chemical and physical properties of the materials. Chemical instabilities, problems in ensuring stoichiometry, homogeneity, and radioactivity are among the factors to be considered, with all three factors being involved with some materials. Those preparing WRMs from nuclear materials need to be aware of how these factors may affect preparation, as well as being aware of the other criteria governing the preparation of reliable WRMs.

Scope

1.1 This guide covers the preparation and characterization of working reference materials (WRM) that are produced by a laboratory for its own use in the analysis of nuclear fuel cycle materials. Guidance is provided for proper preparation, packaging, and storage; requirements for characterization; homogeneity and stability considerations; and establishing traceability of WRMs to certified reference materials by a defined, statistically sound characterization process. While the guidance provided is generic for nuclear fuel cycle materials, detailed examples for some materials are provided in the appendixes.

1.2 This guide does not apply to the preparation and characterization of certified reference materials (CRM). Refer to ISO 17034 and Guide 35 for those requirements.

1.3 The information provided by this guide is found in the following sections:

 

Section

Perform WRM Planning

6

Select, Collect, Prepare, and Process Materials

7

Packaging and Store Materials

8

Perform Homogeneity Study

9

Perform Stability Studies

10

Characterize Materials

11

Perform Uncertainty Analysis

12

Produce Documentation

13

Carry Out WRM Utilization and Monitoring

14

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Any non-SI units of measurement shown in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Details
Book of Standards Volume: 12.01
Developed by Subcommittee: C26.08
Pages: 26
DOI: 10.1520/C1128-18
ICS Code: 27.120.30