Standard Active Last Updated: Dec 11, 2020
ASTM C738-94(2020)

Standard Test Method for Lead and Cadmium Extracted from Glazed Ceramic Surfaces


This test method details the standard and precise procedures for the determination of lead and cadmium extracted by acetic acid from glazed ceramic surfaces. The apparatus needed for this procedure include an atomic absorption spectrometer, lead and cadmium lamps, and glassware of chemical resistant borosilicate glass. The water, detergent wash, and reagents such as acetic acid, lead nitrate solution, hydrochloric acid, and cadmium solution should conform to chemical purity specified. Measurement procedures, precision, and bias are discussed thoroughly.


1.1 This test method covers the precise determination of lead and cadmium extracted by acetic acid from glazed ceramic surfaces. The procedure of extraction may be expected to accelerate the release of lead from the glaze and to serve, therefore, as a severe test that is unlikely to be matched under the actual conditions of usage of such ceramic ware. This test method is specific for lead and cadmium.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.02
Developed by Subcommittee: C21.03
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/C0738-94R20
ICS Code: 81.060.20