Standard Active Last Updated: Jul 17, 2020 Track Document
ASTM C563-20

Standard Guide for Approximation of Optimum SO3 in Hydraulic Cement

Standard Guide for Approximation of Optimum SO3 in Hydraulic Cement C0563-20 ASTM|C0563-20|en-US Standard Guide for Approximation of Optimum SO3 in Hydraulic Cement Standard new BOS Vol. 04.01 Committee C01
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Significance and Use

3.1 The purpose of this guide is to estimate the SO3 content for a hydraulic cement that gives maximum performance. The value obtained is one way to establish an appropriate level of sulfate in the manufacture of cements specified in Specifications C150/C150M, C595/C595M, and C1157/C1157M.

3.2 The SO3 content of a cement giving maximum performance is different at different ages, with different performance criteria and with different materials such supplementary cementitious materials and chemical admixtures. A manufacturer can choose the performance criteriato determine optimum SO3 content. This optimum SO3 content may be a compromise between different ages and different performance criteria.

Note 1: Typically, the optimum SO3 content is higher the later the age.

3.3 This guide indicates optimum SO3 content for cement, optionally in presence of supplementary cementitious materials and admixtures. Several alternate methods are allowed: compressive strength of concrete or mortar, heat of hydration of paste or mortar, and drying shrinkage of mortar.

3.4 It should not be assumed that the optimum SO3 estimated in this guide is the same SO3 content for optimum performance of a concrete prepared in the field using the same materials. The optimum SO3 is influenced by parameters such as ambient and fresh concrete temperature, admixtures, and supplementary cementitious materials.

3.5 The guide is applicable to cements specified in Specifications C150/C150M, C595/C595M, and C1157/C1157M.


1.1 This guide describes the determination of approximate optimum SO3 for maximum performance as a result of substituting calcium sulfate for a portion of the cement.

1.2 This guide refers to the sulfur trioxide (SO3) content of the cement only. Slag cements and occasionally other hydraulic cements can contain sulfide or other forms of sulfur. The determination of SO3 content by rapid methods may include these other forms, and may therefore produce a significant error. If a significant error occurs, analyze the cement for SO3 content using the reference test method of Test Methods C114 for sulfur trioxide.

1.3 Values stated as SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 04.01
Developed by Subcommittee: C01.28
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.1520/C0563-20
ICS Code: 91.100.10