Standard Active Last Updated: Nov 05, 2021 Track Document
ASTM C191-21

Standard Test Methods for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle

Standard Test Methods for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle C0191-21 ASTM|C0191-21|en-US Standard Test Methods for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle Standard new BOS Vol. 04.01 Committee C01
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Significance and Use

5.1 This test method provides a means of determining compliance with a specification limit for Vicat time of setting. Refer to the appropriate specification for the cement to determine if this test method is used for specification compliance.

5.2 Time of setting measured by this method will not necessarily provide the same results as the time of setting of hydraulic cement paste measured by other methods, or the time of setting of mortar or concrete.


1.1 These test methods determine the time of setting of hydraulic cement by means of the Vicat needle. Two test methods are given; Test Method A is the Reference Test Method using the manually operated standard Vicat apparatus, while Test Method B permits the use of an automatic Vicat machine that has, in accordance with the qualification requirements of this method, demonstrated acceptable performance.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.)2

1.4 The text of these test methods reference notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

Note 1: For the test method for determining the time of setting by Gillmore needles, see Test Method C266.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 04.01
Developed by Subcommittee: C01.30
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.1520/C0191-21
ICS Code: 91.100.10