1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analyses of hydraulic cements. Any test methods of demonstrated acceptable precision and bias may be used for analysis of hydraulic cements, including analyses for referee and certification purposes, as explained in Section 3. Specific chemical test methods are provided for ease of reference for those desiring to use them. They are grouped as Reference Test Methods and Alternative Test Methods. The reference test methods are long accepted wet chemical test methods which provide a reasonably well-integrated basic scheme of analysis for hydraulic cements. The alternative test methods generally provide individual determination of specific components and may be used alone or as alternates and determinations within the basic scheme at the option of the analyst and as indicated in the individual method. The individual analyst must demonstrate achievement of acceptable precision and bias, as explained in Section 3, when these test methods are used.
1.2 Contents:Section Subject 2 Referenced Documents 3 Number of Determinations and Permissible Variations 3.1 Referee Analyses 3.2 Optional Analyses 3.3 Performance Requirements for Rapid Test Methods 3.4 Precision and Bias 4 General 4.1 Interferences and Limitations 4.2 Apparatus and Materials 4.3 Reagents 4.4 Sample Preparation 4.5 General Procedures 4.6 Recommended Order for Reporting Analyses Reference Test Methods 5 Insoluble Residue 6 Silicon Dioxide 6.2 Cements with Insoluble Residue Less Than 1 % 6.3 Cements with Insoluble Residue Greater Than 1 % 7 Ammonium Hydroxide Group 8 Ferric Oxide 9 Phosphorus Pentoxide 10 Titanium Dioxide 11 Zinc Oxide 12 Aluminum Oxide 13 Calcium Oxide 14 Magnesium Oxide 15 Sulfur 15.1 Sulfur Trioxide 15.2 Sulfide 16 Loss On Ignition 16.1 Portland Cement 16.2 Portland Blast-Furnace Slag Cement and Slag Cement 17 Sodium and Potassium Oxides 17.1 Total Alkalis 17.2 Water-Soluble Alkalis 18 Manganic Oxide 19 Chloride 20 Chloroform-Soluble Organic Substances Alternative Test Methods 21 Calcium Oxide 22 Magnesium Oxide 23 Loss on Ignition 23.1 Portland Blast-Furnace Slag Cement and Slag Cement 24 Titanium Dioxide 25 Phosphorus Pentoxide 26 Manganic Oxide 27 Free Calcium Oxide
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See 184.108.40.206 and Note 43 for specific caution statements.