Standard Historical Last Updated: Apr 07, 2022 Track Document
ASTM B923-21

Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Skeletal Density by Helium or Nitrogen Pycnometry

Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Skeletal Density by Helium or Nitrogen Pycnometry B0923-21 ASTM|B0923-21|en-US Standard Test Method for Metal Powder Skeletal Density by Helium or Nitrogen Pycnometry Standard new BOS Vol. 02.05 Committee B09
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Significance and Use

5.1 Both suppliers and users of metals can benefit from knowledge of the skeletal density of these materials. Results of many intermediate and final processing steps are controlled by or related to skeletal density of the metal. In addition, the performance of many sintered or cast metal structures may be predicted from the skeletal density of the starting metal powder, for all or a portion of the finished piece.


1.1 This test method covers determination of skeletal density of metal powders. The test method specifies general procedures that are applicable to many commercial pycnometry instruments. The method provides specific sample outgassing procedures for listed materials. It includes additional general outgassing instructions for other metals. The ideal gas law forms the basis for all calculations.

1.2 This test method does not include all existing procedures appropriate for outgassing metal materials. The included procedures provided acceptable results for samples analyzed during an interlaboratory study. The investigator shall determine the appropriateness of listed procedures.

1.3 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3.1 State all numerical values in terms of SI units, unless specific instrumentation software reports volume or density, or both, using alternative units. In this case, present both reported and equivalent SI units in the final written report. Many instruments report skeletal density as g/cm3 instead of using correct SI units (kg/m3).

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 02.05
Developed by Subcommittee: B09.03
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/B0923-21
ICS Code: 77.160