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Diesel and Gasoline Testing and Specification - Hands On Course

Price: $1799

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Houston, TX

11/12/2024 - 11/15/2024

Anton Paar USA, Inc.
3955 World Houston Parkway, Suite 170
Houston, TX 77032

About the Course

This extensive 4-day hands-on training class provides broad coverage of the specifications, testing and technology related to gasoline (days 1 and 2) and diesel fuel oil (days 3 and 4). You'll learn about the different types and components of gasoline, ways to enhance octane, the various types of volatility, the purpose of sampling, and the stages of drivability. The course covers specifications related to gasoline, discusses gasoline additives, oxygenates, the refining process, the quality and distribution of fuels. On days 3 and 4, the training relates the test methods to specifications (ASTM D975), quality issues, distribution and diesel engine technology.

The class is taught in a participatory atmosphere, comprised of a Lecture section and a hands-on Laboratory Practical section where participants perform the prescribed test methods using the required instrumentation.

This training course will be most valuable to (new) technicians performing gasoline and/or diesel fuel tests, scientists and engineers whose job responsibilities include supervising, training or testing and usage of gasoline and/or diesel fuel. The instructors’ vast experience in this area will allow them to focus on key issues related to interpretation of test method results, fuel specifications, performance, additives, and fuel storage and distribution. Their deep involvement with ASTM and experience with global fuel issues enrich the course content.

With recent trends towards environmentally friendly ultra-clean fuels, fuel specification testing procedures have attained a reasonable level of sophistication. The significance of such testing will be fully covered in this course.

In addition to the digital course workbook, you will also receive a copy of ASTM's manual on Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products, as well as copies of various ASTM standards.

  • 4-day course): Class Lecture: 9:00 am-1:00 pm Laboratory Practical: 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm
  • Learning Outcomes
  • ASTM D975, the diesel fuel specification used in the USA
  • Differences among No 1 and No 2 Diesel
  • Hydrocarbon chemistry, refinery processes, and fuel blending
  • Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel
  • Diesel engine, combustion principles, cetane number
  • Detailed properties and the relevant test methods
  • Types of properties and test methods
  • Importance of proper sampling to good test results
  • Manual test methods versus automated test methods
  • Properties not controlled by specifications
  • Relationships between various properties such as sulfur & lubricity / conductivity, gasoline contamination and flash point / viscosity; paraffin (wax) content and low temperature operability
  • Additives used in diesel fuel and their impact on properties
  • Fuel Cleanliness, filtration and microbial contamination
  • Who Should Attend
  • Laboratory Personnel (refinery, service labs, research institutes, regulatory labs)
  • Engineers
  • Plant Supervisors
  • Scientists
  • Senior Plant operators
  • Course Description

    Laboratory Practical Description

    Each day following the morning lecture section, participants will perform a selection of test methods discussed during the day using the required instrumentation. This hands-on approach will reinforce the topics and subject matter discussed during the lecture session to enhance learning and retaining knowledge.

    Day One

    • Gasoline Composition, Chemistry, Production, Blending, and Specs
    • Octane Measurements and Enhancers
    • Octane Requirement Increase Altitude and Climatic Adjustments
    • Instrumental test methods for octane
    • Vapor Pressure and Vapor Liquid Ratio
    • Distillation
    • ASTM Volatility Classes
    • Impact of Volatility Regulations
    • Instrumental test methods for volatility
    • Cold and Hot Starting and Drivability
    • Drivability Indices

    Day Two

    • D4814 Table 2 Requirements for all Spark-Ignition Fuels
    • Additives and Their Chemistry
    • Engine Deposit Control Additives
    • Oxygenates
    • Chemistry of Alcohols and Ethers
    • Instrumental test methods for ethanol, aromatics, sulfur, olefins, etc.
    • Effects of Ethanol and Other Oxygenates on Volatility and Emissions
    • Phase Separation and Water Sensitivity
    • Oxidation Stability and Testing
    • Gum formation and Testing
    • Copper, Silver and Iron Corrosion and testing
    • Maintenance of Quality
    • Gasoline Distribution

    Days Three and Four

    • ASTM D975, the diesel fuel specification used in the USA
    • Differences among No 1 and No 2 Diesel
    • Hydrocarbon chemistry, refinery processes, and fuel blending
    • Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel
    • Diesel engine, combustion principles, cetane number
    • Detailed properties and the relevant test methods
    • Types of properties and test methods
    • Importance of proper sampling to good test results
    • Manual test methods versus automated test methods
    • Properties not controlled by specifications
    • Relationships between various properties such as sulfur & lubricity / conductivity, gasoline contamination and flash point / viscosity; paraffin (wax) content and low temperature operability
    • Additives used in diesel fuel and their impact on properties
    • Fuel Cleanliness, filtration and microbial contamination
    Laboratory Practical Description

    Each day following the morning lecture section, participants will perform a selection of test methods discussed during the day using the required instrumentation. This hands-on approach will reinforce the topics and subject matter discussed during the lecture session to enhance learning and retaining knowledge

    Day 1 (Gasoline)

    D86 Distillation of Petroleum Products (Gasoline and Diesel)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D86.
    • Students will learn how to categorize a petroleum product by Group number 1,2,3, or 4 and use this information to determine what procedure to follow in the test method
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Section 10 of D86.

    D5191 Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D5191.
    • Students will review the Apparatus Section 6 and compare the technical differences between this method and method D6378.
    • Students will perform and follow each step of Section 13 of D5191.

    D6378 Determination of Vapor Pressure (VPX) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D6378.
    • Students will review the Apparatus Section 6 and compare the technical differences between this method and method D5191.
    • Students will perform and follow each step of Section 13 of D6378.

    D323 Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D323.
    • Students will review each Procedure A, B, C, and D and determine what types of Petroleum Products apply to each Procedure.
    • Students will perform and follow each step of Procedure A, Section 12 of D323

    Day 2 Gasoline

    D525 Oxidation Stability of Gasoline

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D525.
    • Students will review the detailed Apparatus Section 6 and Annex A1, compare each section to the actual equipment required, and demonstrate how each component fits together to compile a complete Oxidation Stability Apparatus for Fuels.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Section 10 of D525.

    D130 Detection of Copper Corrosion from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Tarnish Test (Gasoline and Diesel)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D130.
    • Students will be able to recognize what petroleum products require a Pressure Vessel Apparatus and what products require a Test Tube Apparatus.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Sections 10 and 11 for Preparation of Test Strips and Test Procedure.

    D7667 Determination of Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel—Thin Silver Strip Method

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D7667.
    • Students will be able to recognize what petroleum products require following Procedure A - Using a Pressure Vessel (PVP) and what products require following Procedure B - Using a Vented Test Tube (VTTP).
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Sections 10 and 11 for Preparation of Test Strips and Test Procedure.

    D381 Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D381.
    • Students will be able to recognize what petroleum products require an Air-Jet Apparatus and what products require a Steam-Jet Apparatus for Evaporation.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Section 11 of D381.

    D1319 Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption (Gasoline and Diesel)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D1319.
    • Students will review the detailed Apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required, and demonstrate how each component fits together to compile a complete Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption Apparatus (FIA).
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step Procedure as per Section 10 of ASTM D1319.

    Day 3 (Diesel)

    D93 Flash point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D93.
    • Students will review the detailed Apparatus Section 6 for both manual and automated equipment, compare each section to the actual equipment required, and determine what procedure A, B, or C is applicable to what product type, and what the key parameter differences are between each procedure.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step Procedure A, B, C, (Section 11, 12,13) of D93.

    D6450 Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D6450.
    • Students will review the detailed Apparatus Section 6 and determine the technical differences between this method and test method D7094
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step Procedure in Section 11 of D6450.

    D7094 Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D6450.
    • Students will review the detailed Apparatus Section 6 and determine the technical differences between this method and test method D7094
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step Procedure in Section 11 of D7094.

    D5771 Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Optical Detection Stepped Cooling Method)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D5771.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Section 11 of D5771.

    D5950 Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D5950.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure Section 11 of D5950.

    Day 4 (Diesel)

    D2709 Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D2709.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure in Section 8 of D2709.

    D445 Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D445.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure in Sections 10 General and 11 for Transparent Liquids.

    D524 Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D524.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure in Section 9 of D524.

    D4294 Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 3 and 4 of D4294.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure in Section 12 of D4294.

    D2624 Electrical Conductivity of Distillate Fuels

    Learning Objectives:

    • Students will fully understand the scope, summary, significance and use as described in Sections 1, 4 and 5 of D2624.
    • Students will review the detailed apparatus Section 6 and compare each section to the actual equipment required.
    • Students will perform and follow the step-by-step procedure in Section 11 of D2624.

    ASTM Standards Referenced

    ASTM Standards Referenced

    Test Methods

    • D86 Distillation of Petroleum Products
    • D93 Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
    • D130 Detection of Copper Corrosion from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
    • D323 Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)
    • D381 Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation
    • D445 Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    • D524 Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
    • D525 Oxidation Stability of Gasoline
    • D1319 Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    • D2624 Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels
    • D2709 Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
    • D4294 Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    • D5191 Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)
    • D5771 Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Optical Detection Stepped Cooling Method)
    • D5950 Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
    • D6079 Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)
    • D6378 Determination of Vapor Pressure (VPX) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)
    • D6450 Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester
    • D7094 Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester
    • D7220 Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    • D7667 Determination of Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel—Thin Silver Strip Method

    Fuel Product Specifications

    • D975 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
    • D4814 Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    • D6751 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
    • D7467 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)

    Manuals

    • Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products

    Fee Includes
  • All referenced ASTM standards and course notes
  • Course Completion Certificate with 3 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
  • About the Instructors

    Mr. David R. Forester recently retired after 44 years' experience in the fuel and refining additive business. He has over 35 US patents on development of diesel and jet fuel additives, refinery antifoulants, and other refinery and process related additives. He has designed, implemented and/or automated many fuel test methods, including many ASTM standards that have resulted in new additive products, reformulations, and improvements to diesel fuel additive products. He has been a member of ASTM Committee D02 for over 25 years and currently serves as Chairman of Subcommittee D02.14 Stability and Cleanliness of Liquid Fuels which has jurisdiction for 50 ASTM standards, test methods, practices and guides. Mr. Forester has authored or co-authored multiple SAE and IASH papers/presentations, and co-authored Chapter 11 "Methods for Assessing Stability and Cleanliness of Liquid Fuels" in "Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products" 8th Edition published 2010 by ASTM. He was the associate editor of fuels for the 2nd edition revision to "The Fuels and Lubricant Handbook" published by ASTM in 2019. Mr. Forester has previously been recognized with the Award of Appreciation (1989, 2002), Award of Excellence (2010), Lowrie B. Sargent, Jr. Award (2015), Sydney D. Andrews Scroll of Achievement (2016), Eagle Award (2017), Kurt Strauss Steady Hand Award (2020) and most recently the ASTM Award of Merit.

    Dr. Raj Shah currently holds the position of Director at Koehler Instrument Company, Long Island, NY where he has been working for the past 25 years. He is an elected Fellow by his peers at IChemE, CMI, STLE, AIC, NLGI, INSTMC, The Energy Institute and The Royal Society of Chemistry. An ASTM Eagle award recipient, Dr. Shah recently coedited the bestseller, “Fuels and Lubricants handbook”, along with Mr. Forester, details of which are available at please click here. A Ph.D in Chemical Engineering from The Penn State University and a Fellow from The Chartered Management Institute, London, Dr. Shah is also a Chartered Scientist with the Science Council, a Chartered Petroleum Engineer with the Energy Institute and a Chartered Engineer with the Engineering council, UK. Recently Raj had a chance to talk to folks at ASTM about his journey please click here. An adjunct professor at the Dept. of Material Science and Chemical Engineering at State University of New York, Stony Brook, Raj has over 400 publications and has been active in the petroleum field for 3 decades. More information on Raj can be found at please click here.

    Mr. Vincent Colantuoni B.E, M.B.A, is the Product Manager for Koehler Instrument Company, Inc. Koehler is a Manufacturer of Petroleum Testing Equipment with their major customer base being Petroleum Refineries, Inspection and Research Laboratories and other Major Universities and Institutions, where he has 11 years of experience in the Petroleum/Petrochemical Industry. Vincent has been an active member of ASTM International, a worldwide standardization organization since 2008, in Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. At ASTM International, he serves as the Chairman of Subcommittee 9, Section D on the Oxidation of Lubricants, the Secretary of Subcommittee G Lubricating Grease, and the Secretary of Subcommittee 9, Section C on the Oxidation Testing of Turbine Oils. Within Section C, Vincent is also the Technical Contact for ASTM test method D943 and is responsible for any changes being proposed or made to the method. Vincent also assumes administrative responsibilities in Subcommittee C for Turbine Oils and Subcommittee G on Lubricating Greases. In Subcommittee C, he is the Technical Contact for ASTM test methods D665 and D3605. In Subcommittee G, he is the Technical Contact for ASTM test methods D217 and D1403. Education: Master of Business Administration, M.B.A. Double Major in Management / Operations Management and Sustainable Business 2015, Baruch College, City University of New York, N.Y. Bachelors of Engineering, B.E. in Chemical and Molecular Engineering; Specialization in Business Management and Technology Transfer 2007, Stony Brook U

    About ASTM and Sponsoring Committee

    ASTM is one of the world's largest voluntary standards development organizations. ASTM standards have grown to be among the world's most widely used and accepted documents. The 82-volume Annual Book of ASTM Standards contain over 13,000 standards written by 34,000 members on our 140 technical committees. The standards referenced in this course were developed by Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. For information on Committee D02, contact Alyson Fick at (610) 832-9710 or go to our D02 technical committee page.

    How Learning Will Be Assessed

    Learning will be assessed through a series of question and answer sessions.

    Questions About the Training Course

    For information on this training course, please contact Training