This specification covers standard requirements for cold-formed welded and seamless high-strength, low-alloy round, square, rectangular, or special shaped structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes where high strength and enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance are required. Round and shaped tubing shall meet the required tensile properties such as tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. Heat and product analysis shall be performed wherein steel materials shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulphur, and copper. Outside dimension tolerances for square and rectangular tubing shall not exceed the specified plus and minus tolerances. Length tolerance for structural tubing shall be in accordance with the specified values. Twist tolerances for square and rectangular structural tubing shall be indicated.
1.1 This specification covers cold-formed welded and seamless high-strength, low-alloy round, square, rectangular, or special tubular shapes for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes where high strength and enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance are required ( ). The atmospheric corrosion resistance of this steel in most environments is substantially better than carbon steel with or without copper addition ( ). When properly exposed to the atmosphere, this steel can be used bare (unpainted) for many applications. When this steel is used in welded construction, the welding procedure shall be suitable for the steel and the intended service.
1.2 This tubing is produced in welded sizes with a maximum periphery of 88 in. [2235 mm] and a maximum wall of 1 in. [25.4 mm], and in seamless with a maximum periphery of 32 in. [813 mm] and a maximum wall of 0.500 in. [12.7 mm]. Tubing having other dimensions may be furnished provided such tubing complies with all other requirements of this specification.
Note 1: Products manufactured to this specification may not be suitable for those applications where low temperature notch toughness properties may be important, such as dynamically loaded elements in welded structures, unless ordered with toughness tests. See the Supplementary Requirements.
Note 2: For methods of estimating the atmospheric corrosion resistance of low alloy steels, see Guide or actual data.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.