This specification covers nominally 17.5% Cr free-machining ferritic stainless soft magnetic alloy produced or supplied expressly in cold-finished bar form for use in magnetic cores and other parts requiring a corrosion-resistant, high permeability, low-coercivity steel. This specification does not cover either cast parts or parts produced by powder metallurgy techniques. Two specific alloy types are covered distinguished by different silicon levels. Required measurements include chemical analysis and dc magnetic property measurement. The magnetic properties depend both on the grade and the dimensions. Apart from the requirements, the specification contains useful appendices discussing the magnetic testing of these alloys and typical magnetic and physical properties.
1.1 This specification covers free-machining ferritic stainless soft magnetic alloy produced or supplied expressly in cold-finished bar form for use in magnetic cores and other parts requiring a high permeability, low-coercivity stainless steel.
1.1.1 This specification does not cover either cast parts or parts produced by powder metallurgy techniques.
1.2 Two specific alloy types are covered. The primary constituents are shown in Table 1. These types have corrosion resistance similar to AISI Type 430F and Type 430F, Specification A 582/A 582M.
1.3 This specification covers only these alloy types supplied in cold-finished bars in cross-sectional shapes such as rounds, squares, hexagons, and octagons with diameters (diagonals) greater than or equal to 0.250 in. (6.35 mm) and less than or equal to 1.625 in. (41.28 mm).
1.4 Certain cold-finished round bar products are capable of being supplied mill annealed to required magnetic properties such as low coercivity. The size range that can be mill annealed is from 0.250 to 1.625 in. (6.35 to 41.28 mm). Other products of these alloys cannot be mill annealed to produce equivalently low coercivity; hence, the final machined parts should be heat treated as recommended by the producer.
1.5 The values stated in customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units which are provided for information only and are not considered standard.