This specification covers commonly used wrought nickel-iron soft magnetic alloys produced or supplied expressly for use in magnetic cores and other parts requiring high magnetic permeability, high electrical resistivity, low coercive field strength, and low core loss. This specification does not cover material produced by casting or by powder metallurgy techniques. These materials are capable of being produced in a wide variety of forms and conditions such as forging billet, hot-rolled plate, strip, and bar, cold-finished bars, cold-rolled sheep and strip, shaped bar and wire. Four specific alloy types containing nominally 45, 48, 76 and 80 nickel with various other elements are covered by this specification. The alloy chemistry requirements are listed. Magnetic property requirements for the different alloys, product forms and sizes are specified. Typical physical property data and useful heat treatment information are provided in appendices.
1.1 This specification covers commonly used wrought nickel-iron soft magnetic alloys produced or supplied expressly for use in magnetic cores and other parts requiring high magnetic permeability, high electrical resistivity, low coercive field strength, and low core loss.
1.2 This specification covers materials supplied by a producer or converter to the form and physical condition desired for fabrication into parts that will later be given a final heat treatment to achieve the desired magnetic characteristics. It covers materials supplied in the form of forging billet; hot-rolled plate, strip, and bar; cold-finished bar; cold-rolled and annealed sheet and strip; shaped bar and wire; and wire.
1.2.1 This specification does not cover either powder metallurgically produced or cast parts.
1.2.2 This specification lists requirements for strip products having isotropic or semi-isotropic magnetic properties but does not include requirements for anisotropic or square hysteresis loop alloys or alloys processed to yield flattened hysteresis loops by use of heat treatments in an applied magnetic field.
1.2.3 This specification does not cover alloys modified by the addition of elements such as sulfur and selenium to enhance machinability.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) units which are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3.1 There are selected values presented in two units, both of which are in acceptable SI units. These are differentiated by the word “, or,” as in “g/cm3, or, (kg/m3).” In addition, values for mean linear coefficient of expansion in are shown solely in μm/m/°C in keeping with prior versions of this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.